КЛЮЧИ К УПРАЖНЕНИЯМ

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Экспресс-самоучитель английского языка - 2016

КЛЮЧИ К УПРАЖНЕНИЯМ

Урок 1

Упражнение 1

Упражнение 2

  1. Good afternoon! (↓)
  2. Stop it! (↓)
  3. What’s your name?(↓)
  4. Thanks a lot! (↑)
  5. What a wonderful day! (↓)
  6. Bye-bye! (↑)
  7. I’m twenty-five. (↓)
  8. Could you do it for me, please? (↑)
  9. Have you met them at work? (↑)
  10. Take your seat, please. (↑)

Урок 2

Упражнение 1

  1. This is a suitcase.
  2. This is my travelling bag.
  3. We have no time today.
  4. My husband has got a headache. He needs a pill.
  5. I am a flight attendant.
  6. Her neighbour has got two dogs and three cats.
  7. My granny has no garden.
  8. Their son has bought a car. The car was really expensive.
  9. I don’t know where is the address you gave me.
  10. During our stay in Dresden we dined at the restaurant not far from our hotel.

Упражнение 2

Girls, mothers, notebooks, breakfasts, oxen, pilots, restaurants, men, women, countries, cities, tomatoes, dresses, watches, safes, roofs, geese, tables, mice, buses, gardens, grandmothers, lessons, days, Sundays, holidays, lemons, tornadoes, eyes, teeth, bananas, vegetables.

Упражнение 3

These houses, those cats, these men, those suitcases, these books, those wolves, these days, those evenings, these watches, those lions, these TV-sets, those windowsills, these cells, those lections, these flats, those cooks, these drivers, those questions.

Упражнение 4

  1. These spiders are dangerous.
  2. Those girls are lovely.
  3. My granny is afraid of mice.
  4. It isn’t a goose. It’s a turkey.
  5. These are my clothes, don’t take them.

Упражнение 5

  1. That Frenchman was really nice.
  2. My uncle’s sheep give perfect wool.
  3. People should eat much fruit(s) and vegetables daily.
  4. That/this pet has to eat twice a day.
  5. I have enjoyed both comedies at the theatre.
  6. The woman went to the dentist because she had a toothache.
  7. Some children prefer much ice-cream.
  8. My left foot really hurts.
  9. Twelve oxen took part in the corrida in Spain.
  10. Several classes went to the circus last week.

Урок 3

Упражнение 1

The Crimea, a cat, an anchor, Russia, Nebraska, the Oka, a dolphin, the Strait of Dover, my student’s book, his apartment, the south, the north-west, five lessons, Sweden, the United States of America, the Earth, the Alps, the Black Sea, the Atlantic Ocean, Red Square, Leonid, Vera, Nika Ledovskaya, Vnukovo Airport, Thailand, the Pushkin Fine Arts Museum, the United Kingdom, a phone, a book, this cup, meat, coffee, sugar, fish, vinegar, knowledge, that buckwheat.

Упражнение 2

  1. I’m a good cook. But my Mum is the best cook in the family.
  2. — I would like something to eat.

— I may offer you a sandwich.

— Thanks! The sandwich was delicious.

  1. My husband really loves music.
  2. The music I heard yesterday at the theatre was great.
  3. The Bolshoi Theatre is known worldwide.
  4. Some people like swimming in cold water.
  5. I’ve got a sore throat because of the cold water I drank yesterday.
  6. Figure skating is one of the most popular winter sports in our country.
  7. At the end of the term you will pass an exam.
  8. The exam I passed successfully, it was easy.

Упражнение 3

  1. I always go to school by bus.
  2. My neighbour is at university now.
  3. I’m going to work right now, see you later!
  4. The children have already gone to bed.
  5. Call me at 9 p.m., please, I’ll be at home.
  6. My daughter wants to go to university when she leaves school.
  7. I always go to university at 8 a.m.
  8. My Dad is in hospital now. He’ll be back in two hours.
  9. Mrs. Brown went to bed earlier than ever.
  10. Both children are at school now.

Упражнение 4

Russia is the largest country in the world. Moscow is the capital of Russia. Moscow is one of the most beautiful and expensive cities in the world. The central city streets are: Tverskaya Street, Sadovaya-Triumphalnaya, Pyatnitzkaya, Mokhovaya Street and others. Red Square is the heart of the Russian capital. The Moskva River and the Yauza River are two main water lines of our city.

Moscow is an important touristic centre of Russia. Millions of tourists from all over the world come here to admire Red Square, Moscow Kremlin and a great number of churches and monasteries. Three international airports are situated near the city: Vnukovo, Domodedovo and Sheremetyevo Airport. Thousands of trains depart from nine railway stations going to the towns of Russia and abroad.

Упражнение 5

  1. My parents have never been to the Netherlands.
  2. Olga lives in Lesnaya Street in Krasnodar.
  3. Helen is a ballet dancer. She works at the Kremlin Ballet Theatre.
  4. I’m so tired, I’m going home.
  5. I always have omelette and black coffee for breakfast.
  6. In the middle of the book I fell asleep.
  7. I prefer the Indian Ocean to the Mediterranean Sea.
  8. Some children have no knowledge of good and evil.
  9. — Excuse me, how can I find Snezhnaya Street?

—Turn left and you’ll get there.

— Thank you.

  1. An apple a day keeps the doctor away.(Английская пословица: Кто яблоко в день съедает, тот у врача не бывает.)

Урок 4

Упражнение 1

My name is Evgeniya. I get up at about 5 a.m. every morning. My cat Peachy wakes me up. He is small yet, so he is afraid of darkness. I feed him and we go to sleep till 6:45 a.m. My alarm clock rings at 6:45. I wake up, get up and go to the bathroom, take a shower, clean my teeth and go to the kitchen then. I always cook different types of cereals for breakfast: oatmeal, rice, millet or buckwheat. My kids love buckwheat cereals best of all. Then I go to my kids’ room and wake them up. I have two children: a son and a daughter. They go to the bathroom in turns, wash their faces, clean their teeth and come to the kitchen to have breakfast.

Упражнение 2

  1. Tatyana always has omelette and black tea for breakfast.
  2. Our neighbours never make much noise.
  3. My family lives in a beautiful mansion not far from the city.
  4. — Do you often play tennis or golf?

— Yes, I do.

  1. — Does she prefer milk shakes to ice-cream?

— No, she drinks milk shakes rarely.

  1. Sarah finishes her work at 6 p.m. and goes home by tram.
  2. We usually watch TV in the evening and talk a lot.
  3. — Does your boyfriend work as a flight attendant?

— No, he doesn’t. He is a lawyer.

  1. My wife drinks a glass of fresh orange or apple juice daily.
  2. Please, don’t go out tonight, the weather is awful.

Упражнение 3

  1. — Where are you?

— I’m in the bathroom.

  1. —How often does he go to Italy?

— Sorry, I don’t know.

  1. — Who wakes you up in the morning?

— My cat always wakes me up.

  1. - What subjects does he teach at school?

— He teaches English and German.

  1. — Do you know where he is?
  2. — What time is it now?

— It is 5 p.m.

  1. — How come that you missed your plane?

— I don’t know, I’m very sorry about that.

  1. — What kind of music does she prefer?

— She prefers classical music.

  1. — Whose travelling bag is it?

— I believe, it is my Mum’s.

  1. She doesn’t understand the new topic.
  2. — Where’s Margareth?

— I’m afraid, she’s out.

  1. Five and ten is fifteen.

Упражнение 4

  1. I don’t know these men.
  2. We know each other well.
  3. Helen studies Spanish at university.
  4. Does he speak English quite well?
  5. How often does it rain in autumn?
  6. My brother is in hospital, he is ill.
  7. My family always travels by plane in summer.
  8. English is my favourite subject and I speak it fluently.
  9. How much does this notebook cost?
  10. How many markers are there on the table?

Урок 5

Упражнение 1

  1. My parents divorced when I was ten.
  2. A pretty lady came into the hall, put off her hat and coat and smiled at me.
  3. I came back home at 11 p.m. yesterday night.
  4. When we were in Saint Petersburg, we visited the Hermitage and enjoyed it much.
  5. After the party we didn’t come home at once, we went to another cafe.
  6. Granny baked several cakes and asked me to decorate them.
  7. — Did you do all the tasks yourself?

— No, I didn’t. My friend helped me.

  1. Why did the girl start crying?
  2. —Did they really forget about your debt? —Yes, they did.
  3. — Where did she go after the graduation party?

— Unfortunately, I don’t know.

Упражнение 2

to feed

fed

fed

to forget

forgot

forgotten

to break

broke

broken

to put

put

put

to lead

led

led

to think

thought

thought

to grow

grew

grown

to eat

ate

eaten

to drink

drank

drunk

to do

did

done

to have

had

had

to be

was/were

been

to sit

sat

sat

to leave

left

left

Упражнение 3

Once upon a time there was a boy named Jack, and one morning he decided to go and seek his fortune.

He didn’t go very far and he met a cat.

“Where are you going, Jack?” said the cat.

“I’m going to seek my fortune.”

“May I go with you?”

“Yes,” said Jack, “the more the merrier.”

So on they went.

They went a little further and they met a dog.

... The day was over, and they began to think of some place where they could spend the night. They found a house, and Jack told his friends to keep still while he went up and looked in through the window. He saw some robbers there.

... So then Jack went and told his friends to get ready and when Jack gave the word, the cat mewed, and the dog barked, and the goat bleated, and the bull bellowed, and the rooster crowed and all together they made such a dreadful noise that it frightened the robbers and they ran away...”

Упражнение 4

  1. Who crowed early in the morning and woke everyone up?

— It was the rooster.

  1. When did Jack give the word?

— Jack gave the word when everyone was ready.

  1. Why did the cat mew so loudly?

— It did so because it was afraid too.

  1. Who kept still best of all?

— No one did. Everyone was extremely loud.

  1. What kind of noise did they make?

— It was really dreadful.

  1. What was the name of the boy who decided to seek his fortune one day?

— His name was Jack.

  1. What did Jack mean when he said: “The more the merrier”?

— He didn’t want to seek his fortune alone.

Упражнение 5

  • I didn’t write
  • She didn’t forget
  • It didn’t break
  • They didn’t divorce
  • She didn’t smile at
  • It didn’t bark
  • It didn’t bleat
  • It didn’t bellow
  • We didn’t meet
  • You didn’t seek
  • They couldn’t
  • I didn’t decide
  • It didn’t grow
  • You didn’t frighten
  • It wasn’t over

Урок 6

Упражнение 1

  1. Kate won’t pass her German exam. She didn’t attend the lessons regularly.
  2. She won’t come back early today. She is extremely busy at work.
  3. I don’t think Helen will write an article herself. She has no talent.
  4. It’s windy today. I’m sure it will rain soon.
  5. You may come tomorrow at 5 p.m. I will be at home already.
  6. — Will they buy a present for their Mum’s birthday?

— Surely, they will.

  1. Everybody in the family will be happy to hear the news!
  2. I won’t be in the US next week because my plans changed. I will be in Paris.
  3. —Will you come on time?

— Be sure, I will.

  1. Mary and Max won’t get married this autumn. They parted.

Упражнение 2

  1. We are going to see our aunt in hospital this weekend.
  2. Are you going to enter the university after school?
  3. Is she going to buy a new apartment soon?
  4. Are they going to get married next month?
  5. I’m going to meet Peter at the airport tomorrow morning.
  6. I’m afraid, it’s going to rain soon.
  7. I’m going to save some money because we decided to buy a new car.
  8. Who is going to cook something for lunch?
  9. Are you going to do some yoga in the gym after work?
  10. We are going to spend our honeymoon in Europe.

Упражнение 3

  1. I’m going to become a doctor when I leave school.
  2. — Are they leaving for Munich for Chris de Burgh’s concert tomorrow?

— Yes, they are. They bought the tickets two months ago.

  1. Paul isn’t coming to the ballet premiere next Sunday. He has to work.
  2. Linda and Marley are staying at home tonight. They are going to watch a new TV-show.
  3. — Why aren’t you going out tonight?

— I’m writing. I must meet the deadline.

Урок 7

Упражнение 1

  • to call — She’s calling her colleague now./ She isn’t calling her colleague now.
  • to come back — I’m coming back home, wait for me, please./I’m not coming back home, don’t wait for me.
  • to remember —образованиеPresent Progressive невозможно. I remember you well./ Unfortunately, I don’t remember you.
  • to like —образованиеPresent Progressive невозможно. John likes watching evening TV-programs./ John doesn’t like watching evening TV-programs.
  • to smell —образованиеPresent Progressive невозможно. The woman smelled gas and called the emergency service./ The woman smelled the gas but didn’t call the emergency service.
  • to look at — Why are you looking at me that way?/ Lucy isn’t looking at me, what’s the matter?
  • to wait for — Look, he’s waiting at the corner./ We aren’t waiting for a bus, we’re waiting for a tram.
  • to get up— OK, I’m getting up, stop crying!/ I’m exhausted, I’m not getting up...
  • to leave for — We’re leaving for Moscow, bye for now!/ We aren’t leaving right now.
  • to read — Where are the kids?

— They’re reading new fairy tales in the living room.

— Oh, no! They aren’t reading! They’re drawing on the wall!

  • to drink — Kate’s drinking Cola now./ Kate isn’t drinking Cola, she’s drinking some juice.
  • to hate —образованиеPresent Progressive невозможно. She hates me deeply./ She hated her work so much that she decided to quit.
  • to blow — The wind is blowing hard, please, stay at home, dear./ The weather is fine and the wind isn’t blowing at the moment.

Упражнение 2

  1. Odette is playing the guitar in the living room at the moment.
  2. She is sitting in the waiting room and reading her notes.
  3. Look, hundreds of birds are flying!
  4. — Are you reading?

— No, I’m drawing.

  1. — Listen! Someone is singing!
  2. — What is he looking at?

— He is looking at that amazing sculpture.

  1. Victory isn’t cooking in the kitchen now. She is listening to music outside.
  2. Why aren’t you doing your home task now?
  3. — Where is Steven?

— He is taking a shower.

  1. Look, the kids are laughing. How nice they are!

Упражнение 3

  1. Одетта сейчас играет на гитаре в гостиной.
  2. Она сидит в приемной и читает свои записи.
  3. Смотри, летят сотни птиц!
  4. — Ты читаешь?

— Нет, я рисую.

  1. — Послушай! Кто-то поет!
  2. — На что он смотрит?

— Он смотрит на ту потрясающую скульптуру.

  1. Виктория сейчас не готовит на кухне. Она слушает музыку на улице.
  2. Почему ты сейчас не выполняешь свое домашнее задание?
  3. — Где Стивен?

— Он принимает душ./ Он в душе.

  1. Смотри, дети смеются. Какие они милые!

Урок 8

Упражнение 1

  1. What was he doing at 8 p.m. yesterday evening?
  2. Was it raining from 6 to 8 a.m. yesterday morning?
  3. Was he watching a documentary when his sister called?
  4. Was she wearing an amazing silk dress when you saw her the day before yesterday?
  5. Was Rebecca watching a movie at the cinema at 7 p.m. yesterday or was she at the theatre?
  6. Was it snowing when you left the office?

Упражнение 2

  1. He was swimming in the lake near his house at 8 p.m. yesterday evening

Он плавал в озере рядом с его домом вчера в 8 часов вечера.

  1. Yes, it was. It was raining so heavily that I couldn’t sleep.

Да. Был такой сильный дождь, что я не могла спать.

  1. No, he wasn’t. He was taking a shower.

Нет. Он принимал душ.

  1. Yes,she was. She was gorgeous.

Да. Она была прекрасна.

  1. Rebecca was at the theatre at 7 p.m. yesterday. She was watching the ballet “The Swan Lake”.

Ребекка была в театре вчера в 7 часов вечера. Она смотрела балет “Лебединое озеро”.

  1. Yes, it was. It was snowing the whole day long.

Да. Снег шел весь день.

Упражнение 3

When I was walking down the street yesterday evening, I saw a tiny kitten. It was sitting near the entrance door. Its coat was dirty and ruffled. It was mewing sorrowfully and looking at me. He started hissing when I came closer. I gave it my hand. It was looking at me with distrust first, then it came up to me and started touching my fingers with its paw. My heart was breaking because of compassion. Finally, I decided to take the kitten home.

Урок 9

Упражнение 1

  1. Will you be doing your home task tomorrow from 6 till 9 p.m?
  2. What will Marley be doing when you come home?
  3. Will you be doing the cleaning all day long?
  4. Will they be relaxing the whole day? Will they be getting ready for a quiz?
  5. Will you be writing your article tomorrow from 7 to 8 p.m.?
  6. Will Jack and Jessica be playing computer games the whole evening?
  7. Will Mr. Brown be composing his new play during the summer?
  8. Will he be giving the lecture at the university tomorrow at 10 a.m.?
  9. Will the children be having breakfast at 8 a.m.?
  10. Will you be getting ready for the final school exams all day long tomorrow?

Упражнение 2

  1. He will be meeting us at the station at 4:15 p.m. tomorrow.
  2. Nina will be rehearsing at the ballet studio from 12 till 2 p.m.
  3. Will you be working at noon in the garden? It’s terribly hot.
  4. Kids will be doing their lessons till 8 p.m., so you may be free.
  5. What will you be doing at 9 today’s evening?

Упражнение 3

I will be smiling

I won’t be smiling

She will be working

She won’t be working

He will be eating

He won’t be eating

They will be staying

They won’t be staying

It will be raining

It won’t be raining

We will be repeating

We won’t be repeating

It will be shining

It won’t be shining

Урок 10

Упражнение 1

  1. I have bought her a present.
  2. I haven’t bought her a present.
  3. She has bought her a present.
  4. He hasn’t bought her a present.
  5. — Have you bought her a present?

— Yes, I have./ No, I haven’t.

  1. They have broken the window.
  2. They haven’t broken the window.
  3. She has broken the window.
  4. She hasn’t broken the window.
  5. — Have they broken the window?

— Yes, they have./ No, they haven’t.

  1. — Has he broken the window?

— Yes, he has./ No, he hasn’t.

Упражнение 2

Возможные варианты предложений:

  1. Wehaven’t done the cleaning yet.
  2. My neighbour has just done the shopping.
  3. I’m sorry, but I haven’t done the washing-up yet.
  4. Have you ever lost your temper?
  5. Has Peter really fallen in love with Patricia? I can’t believe it!
  6. Jimmy has just had a shower.
  7. They haven’t switched on the light yet.
  8. I’m ready to go! I’ve already got dressed! (= I’ve got dressed already!)
  9. Hello, Mary! Come in, I’ve just had breakfast.
  10. May I be free? I have already made all the notes.

Упражнение 3

  1. Мы еще не сделали уборку.
  2. Мой сосед/соседка только что сходил/а за покупками.
  3. Простите, но я еще не помыла посуду.
  4. Ты когда-нибудь злилась/выходила из себя?
  5. Питер правда влюбился в Патрицию? Не могу в это поверить!
  6. Джимми только что принял душ/помылся.
  7. Они еще не включили свет.
  8. Я готов идти! Я уже оделся!
  9. Мэри, привет! Входи, я только позавтракал.
  10. Я могу идти? Я уже все записал (а)/сделал(а) все заметки.

Упражнение 4

Инфинитив

Утвердительная форма в Present Perfect

Отрицат. Форма в Present Perfect

Вопрос в Present Perfect

to be

You have been

You haven’t been

Have you been...?

to do

You have done

You haven’t done

Have you done...?

to have

You have had

You haven’t had

Have you had...?

to speak

You have spoken

You haven’t spoken

Have you spoken...?

to wear

You have worn

You haven’t worn

Have you worn...?

to think

You have thought

You haven’t thought

Have you thought...?

to rise

It has risen

It hasn’t risen

Has it risen...?

to leave

You have left

You haven’t left

Have you left...?

to forgive

You have forgiven

You haven’t forgiven

Have you forgiven...?

to fall

You have fallen

You haven’t fallen

Have you fallen...?

Урок 11

Упражнение 1

  • to brush: I had brushed. I hadn’t brushed. Had you brushed...? Yes, I had./ No, I hadn’t.
  • to knock at: We had knocked at. We hadn’t knocked at. Had she knocked at...? Yes, she had./ No, she hadn’t.
  • to fall: I had fallen. I hadn’t fallen. Had they fallen...? Yes, they had./ No, they hadn’t.
  • to go: She had gone. She hadn’t gone. Had he gone...? Yes, he had./ No, he hadn’t.
  • to do: You had done. You hadn’t done. Had we done...? Yes, we had./ No, we hadn’t.
  • to have: I had had. I hadn’t had. Had you had...? Yes, I had./ No, I hadn’t.
  • to see: They had seen. They hadn’t seen. Had you seen...? Yes, we had./ No, we hadn’t.
  • to watch: He had watched. He hadn’t watched. Had you watched? Yes, I had./ No, I hadn’t.
  • to put on: I had put on. I hadn’t put on. Had they put on? Yes, they had./ No, they hadn’t.
  • to switch off: You had switched off. You hadn’t switched off. Had she switched off? Yes, she had./ No, she hadn’t.

Упражнение 2

  1. I had finished my work by 6 p.m. yesterday evening.
  2. Anna had written her book by the end of summer.
  3. The children had come back home from the cinema by 9 p.m. yesterday.
  4. When I came home, my husband had already done the vacuum-cleaning.
  5. After they had filled in a form, they left the bank.
  6. He had hardly entered the office, when he had a toothache.
  7. Scarcely had he written down his phone number, she disappeared.
  8. No sooner had Alice gone away than Peter heard a loud shriek outside.

Упражнение 3

  1. Когда Сара пришла домой, ее родители сказали ей, что Мартин уже ушел.
  2. Когда солнце село (после заката солнца), дети почистили зубы и легли спать.
  3. Мой босс тщательно проверил отчет, который я предоставила ему позавчера.
  4. Когда я вышла из дома, я вдруг вспомнила, что не выключила утюг.
  5. Мэри сделала покупки к 2 часам дня.
  6. Едва самолет приземлился в аэропорту, как мне стало плохо/дурно.
  7. Не успели наши бабушка и дедушка приехать, как дедушка растянул лодыжку.
  8. Когда я вернулась домой с работы, мои дети уже сделали уроки.
  9. Вчера вечером к 10 часам мы уже поужинали и в 11 пошли спать.
  10. Я думала, ты уже уехал в театр. Подожди меня, пожалуйста! Я буду готова через минуту!

Урок 12

Упражнение 1

  1. My students will finish/are finishing their projects tomorrow.
  2. My students will have finished their projects by the next Wednesday.
  3. When I come home, I’ll have a nap.
  4. We will have delivered the goods by that time.
  5. We will deliver the goods next week.
  6. Look, a hedgehog is carrying some mushrooms!
  7. What are you doing at the moment?
  8. — Will you have written your article by the 10th of May?

— Surely, I will.

  1. I’ll be tired after the classes, don’t call me.
  2. How often will you play hockey this week?

Упражнение 2

  1. I’m sure they will have finished this work by September.
  2. I hope, it’ll have stopped raining by 7 p.m. I’ve got tremendous plans for the evening!
  3. She will have come home from the theatre by 10 p.m.
  4. She will have passed all the exams by the 29th of June.
  5. Will you have finished your work by 7 p.m. today’s evening?
  6. Will the parents have come back from the country by 4 p.m.? We’re going to see our friends.
  7. I’m not sure that our team will have managed to come back from the expedition by the 20th of May.
  8. I’m afraid that the workers won’t have managed to finish the renovation by the end of August.
  9. Will Martha have come to our place by 3 p.m. tomorrow?
  10. She won’t have managed to come by 3. She’ll come a little bit later.

Урок 13

Упражнение 1

I take. — I am taken.

I visit. — I am visited.

You forget. — You are forgotten.

You help. — You are helped.

He remembers. — He is remembered.

She paints. — She is painted.

We give. — We are given.

We give back. — We are given back.

We offer. — We are offered.

They invite. — They are invited.

They forbid. — They are forbidden.

They build. — They are built (the buildings).

They print/publish (books). — They are printed/ published.

Упражнение 2

  1. The opera “Ruslan and Lyudmila” was composed by Glinka.
  2. The English poem “Loreley” is translated by the students.
  3. This building was designed by a famous Italian architect.
  4. Moscow is connected by railway lines with small towns and villages.
  5. The documentation was checked by the accountant.
  6. Smoking in the office was forbidden by the chief.
  7. The kids will be taken to the kindergarten tomorrow morning.
  8. My sister’s baby will be delivered/born next month.
  9. This apartment will be renovated by highly- qualified workers.
  10. I was shown the way to the bank by him.

Упражнение 3

  1. This article will be translated by me.
  2. Her new room near the hall was shown to her by him.
  3. We are often sent to do the shopping by her.
  4. These wonderful pictures were brought from Spain by my friend.
  5. Tatyana wasn’t helped by them with the cleaning.
  6. The doctor was already sent for. Hold on!
  7. Stay calm/ Don’t worry/Don’t be nervous, you’ll be operated on soon.
  8. When he was small/a child, he was often laughed at.
  9. Why were you waited for?
  10. This old house is forsaken, it isn’t lived in.

Упражнение 4

  1. The baby must be looked after.
  2. This room has to be cleaned every day.
  3. Our work should be finished as soon as possible.
  4. Cheese can be cut with a knife.
  5. She may be offered a new interesting job.

Урок 14

Упражнение 1

  1. Если я увижу Мэтью, я приглашу его в театр.
  2. Если он не придет, я обижусь.
  3. Если ты устала, пожалуйста, расслабься и отдохни.
  4. Если они не приедут вовремя, мы точно опоздаем на выставку картин Винсента Ван Гога.
  5. Если бы Мария попросила меня, я бы ей помогла.
  6. Если бы пошел дождь, мы бы остались дома.
  7. Если бы погода была хорошая, мы бы устроили пикник на улице.
  8. Если бы она жила в Санкт-Петербурге, она бы поступила в Академию Русского Балета им. Вагановой.
  9. Если бы ты ничего не съела, ты была бы голодной.
  10. Если бы ты решила переехать в другой город, я бы не стала тебя отговаривать.

Упражнение 2

  1. If you had asked me, I would have helped you.
  2. If we had bought some food, we could have cooked lunch together.
  3. If my brother had returned earlier, he would have been surprised to see you there.
  4. If Anna had made such a mistake, everyone would have broken with her at once.
  5. If you had given me a lift yesterday, I would have been very grateful.
  6. What would you have done if you had seen me at the bus stop?

Перевод предложений:

  1. Если бы ты попросила меня (тогда), я бы тебе помогла.
  2. Если бы мы купили продукты, мы бы смогли вместе приготовить обед.
  3. Если бы мой брат пришел пораньше, он был бы очень удивлен увидеть тебя.
  4. Если бы Анна совершила такую ошибку, все бы от нее отвернулись.
  5. Если бы ты подвез меня вчера, я была бы очень благодарна.
  6. Что бы ты сделал, если бы заметил/увидел меня на автобусной остановке?

Упражнение 3

  1. I wish I had joined you yesterday.(прош.)
  2. I wish you were by my side now.(наст.)
  3. I wish I had arranged all the necessary details yesterday.(прош.)
  4. I wish I spoke Chinese.(наст.)
  5. I wish I didn’t come late/I weren’t late. I’m so sorry.(наст.)
  6. I wish my favourite team had won the championship last season.(прош.)
  7. I wish I hadn’t told you the truth.(прош.)
  8. I wish we hadn’t parted.(прош.)

Урок 15

Упражнение 1

  1. He was sure that you knew her home address.
  2. We thought that he had already got the answer concerning his future job.
  3. Olga knew that Oleg was waiting for her at the bus stop.
  4. We didn’t know that you had lost the keys.
  5. I was sure that he had left the city.
  6. Mum hoped that I would succeed.
  7. He said that he wasn’t going to leave the apartment.
  8. Mary thought that I could skate.
  9. The son informed that he would return on Sunday.
  10. I was told that she was the best actress at the theatre.

Упражнение 2

  1. I was afraid that you would fall and hurt yourself.
  2. Ashley said that she didn’t feel very well.
  3. My grandparents told me that they would come home late.
  4. Helen said that she had to go abroad to do a medicine course there.
  5. What did she tell you?
  6. Sally said that she preferred tea to coffee.
  7. Heather told us that she would be at work till 7 p.m.
  8. It was late and he said he had to go.
  9. Jane said that she would return from the business trip the next day.
  10. I didn’t know that you had been ill the month before.

Упражнение 3

  1. Я боялась, что ты упадешь и причинишь себе боль (поранишься).
  2. Эшли сказала, что она плохо себя чувствует.
  3. Бабушка и дедушка сказали мне, что они вернутся домой поздно.
  4. Хэлен сказала, что ей нужно поехать за границу для того, чтобы прослушать там курс по медицине.
  5. Что она сказала тебе?
  6. Салли сказала, что она предпочитает чай кофе.
  7. Хизэр рассказала/сказала нам, что она будет на работе до 7 часов вечера.
  8. Было поздно, и он сказал, что ему пора (идти).
  9. Джейн сказала, что завтра она вернется из командировки.
  10. Я не знала, что в прошлом месяце ты был болен.

Урок 16

Упражнение 1

  • thus— таким образом
  • toemphasize — обращая особое внимание
  • forinstance — к примеру
  • inshort — короче говоря
  • byall means — в любом случае
  • tosum up — подводя итог
  • fromtime to time — время от времени
  • inconclusion — в заключение
  • byand large — в общем и целом
  • firstthing to remember — первое, что нужно запомнить

Синонимами являются выражения to put it short и in short.

Упражнение 2

  1. They always appreciate my work, don’t they?
  2. Eva decided to quit her job, didn’t she?
  3. Max proposed to her yesterday, didn’t he?
  4. She will arrive late at night, won’t she?
  5. Your new car was rather expensive, wasn’t it?
  6. It’s raining cats and dogs, isn’t it?
  7. You came back late at night, didn’t you?
  8. We should wash hands before meals, shouldn’t we?
  9. He missed the bus and stayed at your friend’s place, didn’t he?
  10. This apartment was designed by a famous architect, wasn’t it?

Упражнение 3

  1. I met my colleague underground yesterday.
  2. What are you going to do tomorrow?
  3. Where would you like to go out for dinner?
  4. I came across an amazing ancient vase by chance in the market.
  5. The ballet-lovers got the unique chance to visit the Bolshoi Theatre with an excursion.





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