АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК - Новый полный справочник для подготовки к ЕГЭ - 2018



1. Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего A-F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1-7. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы втаблицу.

1. The location of the university influenced my final decision.

2. My university offered the right combination of size, location and value.

3. The quality of education was of primary importance to me.

4. I was able to skip the freshman year of college.

5. My university was a way to independence.

6. The university offered the lowest tuition fee.

7. My choice was influenced by several factors.









2. Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений A-G соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — True), какие не соответствуют (2 — False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — Not stated). Запишите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа в таблицу. Вы услышите запись дважды.

A. Petra and Greg are taking their dogs to the sports stadium.

B. Petra has got a Labrador puppy.

C. The Labrador wins the race.

D. Greg has never had a pet.

E. An Alsatian and a German shepherd have quite a lot in common.

F. Petra is going to take Greg to her aunt’s house.

G. Petra’s aunt lives next to the bakery.









Соответствие диалогу

Вы услышите интервью. В заданиях 3-9 запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному вами варианту ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.

3. What does Will Smith say about his classmates?

1) They were mostly Orthodox.

2) They were mostly white.

3) They were mostly black.

Ответ:_____ .

4. After finishing school Will

1) wanted to find a job in the movie industry.

2) was planning to go to Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

3) had no plans of getting higher education.

Ответ: .

5. Will Smith won the first Grammy

1) when he was a senior in high school.

2) after finishing school.

3) when he went back to college.

Ответ: .

6. Why do Will and his wife homeschool their children?

1) They find some information taught at school irrelevant.

2) They don’t want their children to know about the Boston Tea Party.

3) They want to teach their children themselves.

Ответ:_____ .

7. Why doesn’t Will want to go back to formal education?

1) He is sure he can learn everything he needs on his own.

2) He is tired of formal education.

3) He doesn’t need formal education for his profession.

Ответ: .

8. Will’s son Jaden played the part of his son in the movie because

1) he had got special training in acting.

2) he himself wanted to do it.

3) his father offered him that part.

Ответ: .

9. How does Will feel about his son’s desire to do more acting?

1) He worries about the problems his son may face.

2) He wants his son to go to Hollywood.

3) He is sure about his success.

Ответ: .

По окончании выполнения заданий 1-9 не забудьте перенести свои ответы, в БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего задания, начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 1 и 2 цифры записываются без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов. Каждую цифру пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.


10. Установите соответствие между заголовками 1-8 и текстами A-G. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.

1. New food choices

2. Seafood

3. Confusing name

4. New word in English

5. Iconic dish

6. Change in quality

7. Increase in popularity

8. Origin of the meal

A. The practice of serving a roast dinner on a Sunday is related to the elaborate preparation required, and to the housewife’s practice of performing the weekly wash on a Monday, when the cold remains of the roast made an easily assembled meal. Sunday was once the only rest day after a six-day working week; it was also a demonstration that the household was prosperous enough to afford the cost of a better than normal meal.

B. Great Britain is surrounded by seas on all sides. No wonder that sea foods such as fried scampi or fishcakes are usually on offer. However, England is internationally famous for its fish and chips, which may be the most popular and identifiable English dish. There are a lot of restaurants and take-away shops selling this dish. The quality can vary drastically from the mass produced product to a homemade variety using more carefully chosen ingredients.

C. Many seaside towns have shellfish stalls located near the beach. Traditionally they sell snack-sized pots of cockles, mussels, prawns, crab meat and oysters. The shellfish are served cold and the customer adds condiments to taste. Shellfish is best eaten as fresh as possible, and certainly on the day of purchase. Some shellfish such as octopus and prawns can be frozen successfully; others like mussels and oysters need to be live when cooked.

D. Most large supermarkets in England offer at least a dozen types of English sausage. English sausages, colloquially known as ‘bangers’, are usually made from fresh meat such as pork or beef. Following the post World War II period, sausages tended to contain low-quality meat and fat. However, there has been a backlash in recent years, with most butchers and supermarkets now also selling premium varieties that may contain venison or wild boar.

E. In the 1950s some British pubs would offer ‘a pie and a pint’, with ale pies made easily on the premises by the landlord’s wife. Since then ‘pub grub’ has expanded to include British food items such as shepherd’s pie, fish and chips, bangers and mash, Sunday roast, ploughman’s lunch, and pasties. Food has become more important in a pub’s trade, and today most pubs serve lunches and dinners in addition to snacks consumed at the bar.

F. English sandwiches are made with two slices of bread. Common types of filling are roast beef, cheese and pickle, tuna, marmite and jam. A dainty form of sandwich, cut into small squares and often filled with cucumber, is served at genteel gatherings, such as Royal Garden parties. England can claim to have given the world the word ‘sandwich’, although John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich, was not the first to add a filling to bread.

G. In the USA, a ‘pudding’ is a dairy dessert, made with sugar and a couple of other ingredients. However, the British seem to call a lot of other things ‘pudding’. ‘Apple pudding’ has a layer of apple covered with a cake topping, which looks just like apple pie. ‘Yorkshire pudding’ includes chicken or beef cooked in a crispy batter. ‘Black pudding’ is a kind of dark sausage made from animal blood and fat. What makes the British call this a ‘pudding’?








11. Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A-F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1-7. Одна из частей в списке 1-7 лишняя. Занесите цифру, обозначающую соответствующую часть предложения, в таблицу.

A Brief History of Rome

The founding of Rome goes back to the very early days of civilization. The Romans think that their city was founded in the year 753 BC. Modern historians, however, believe it was the year 625 BC.

Early Rome was governed by kings, A ____________, the Romans took power over their own city and ruled themselves. They had a council known as the ‘senate’, B ____________. From this point on we can speak of the ‘Roman Republic’.

The senate appointed a consul, C ____________, but only for one year. This was a wise idea, as the consul ruled carefully and not as a tyrant, because he knew that otherwise he could be punished by the next consul, once his year was up.

The greatest challenge the Roman Republic faced was that of the Carthaginians. Carthage was a very powerful city in North Africa, D ____________. The fight between the two sides was long and took place on land and on sea.

The most famous incident came when the great Carthaginian general Hannibal crossed the Alps with all his troops and invaded Italy. However, Rome finally won and Carthage was completely destroyed in the year 146 BC.

Rome’s most famous citizen was no doubt Julius Caesar. He was a Roman politician and general E ____________. In the year 49 BC Caesar crossed the small river Rubicon between his province and Italy and conquered Rome. His military campaigns also took him to Egypt, F ____________.

His life ended abruptly as he was infamously murdered in the senate in Rome.

So famous and respected was Caesar that the great English poet William Shakespeare wrote a famous play called Julius Caesar about his famous murder.

1. who ruled Rome like a king

2. but after seven of them had ruled

3. where he met the famous Cleopatra

4. which controlled its own empire

5. which he then ruled as a dictator

6. which ruled over them

7. who conquered the vast territory in France







Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 12-18. В каждом задании запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному вами варианту ответа.


The county of Antrim is not only one of the most picturesque, but most prosperous in all Ireland. It is also remarkable for being entirely surrounded by water by the ocean, Lough Neagh, and the rivers Bann and Lagan. In this county, vast quantities of flax are raised and manufactured into linen — chiefly in Belfast, the most important commercial town in the north of Ireland.

Belfast is particularly dear to me as a place where I had a great holiday with my Irish friends. In sight of this town there is a large hill, which is known for presenting a remarkable likeness to the first Napoleon. Certain swells and ledges of the summit form the great profile very distinctly. When one of the Bonapartes, a grand-nephew of the Emperor, visited Belfast, he recognized the likeness in the rocky profile and professed to be a good deal affected by it.

Not far from Belfast there is also a famous ‘Druidical circle’, or a large amphitheatre, where the ancient Druids used to meet for their pagan worship. As we stood in that great circle, beside a rude altar of stones, it made us shudder to think that hundreds of human beings had probably been cruelly sacrificed there as offerings to the gods. Luckily such dreadful crimes can never again be committed here under the name of religion.

While in Belfast, we made a delightful excursion to Shane’s Castle, situated upon Lough Neagh, the largest lake in Northern Ireland, whose origin is still uncertain. There is a legend that its water covers cottages, castles, and even villages. The peasants say that there was once an enchanted well, which was always kept covered with a heavy stone; otherwise its water would rise from an underground sea and overflow the land. One day, a careless woman came to the well to get water, and hearing her baby cry, ran home without covering the well, which began to pour out so fast and furious that soon the whole valley was overflowed. That night, the moon smiled to see itself reflected in a new lake.

On our route from Belfast to the Giant’s Causeway, we passed through several towns of some historical note such as Larne and Glenarm. This last is a beautifully situated town, with a pleasant little bay, which usually offers a safe shelter for shipping on a coast renowned for wrecks and disasters. Here is also a fine castle, which is the seat of the ancient family of the McDonnells, Earls of Antrim. Scarcely any thing in the world can be grander or more beautiful than the coast road all the way from Glenarm to the Giant’s Causeway. It is too fine to be described; it should be painted, not written about.

We reached the Causeway late in the evening so tired that we went to bed without putting our heads out of doors. In the morning we engaged a guide and set out on our sightseeing tour.

The Causeway is formed by a vast collection of rocky columns mostly as regular in shape as though cut by stonemasons, five-sided, six-sided, seven or eight-sided, varying much in height, but little in width. Some form a floor almost as even as a city pavement, some form gradual steps leading down to the sea and some tower upward like spires.

There is a collection of columns on the side of the highest cliff, called ‘the Giant’s Organ’, from their resemblance to the pipes of that instrument. According to legend, the mighty Giant, Finn McCool, was very musical, and used to give himself ‘a little innocent diversion’ here, after his hard labours in building the Causeway. Even now, when the sea roars, and the deep thunder rolls along the rocky coast, people say ‘the giant is playing on his big stone organ under the cliff’.

(Adapted from ‘Stories and Legends of Travel and History’ by Grace Greenwood)

12. The county of Antrim is described as

1) picturesque but poor.

2) rich and successful.

3) entirely agricultural.

4) partly surrounded by water.

Ответ:_____ .

13. The large hill near Belfast is remarkable for

1) its resemblance to the first Emperor of the French.

2) its likeness to a grand-nephew of the Emperor.

3) the visit of one of the Bonapartes.

4) the profile of the first Napoleon carved into it.

Ответ:_____ .

14. ‘Druidical circle’ is a

1) large amphitheatre for theatrical performances.

2) church with a rude altar of stones.

3) site of current sacrificial offerings to the gods.

4) place of ancient religious ceremonies.

Ответ:_____ .

15. How was Lough Neagh formed?

1) It was artificially created by the peasants.

2) It appeared because of a careless woman.

3) It was formed by the water from an underground sea.

4) Nobody knows for sure.

Ответ:_____ .

16. On his way to the Giant’s Causeway, the narrator was particularly impressed by the

1) historical town of Glenarm.

2) pleasant little bay in Glenarm.

3) coast road to the Giant’s Causeway.

4) castle of the McDonnells.

Ответ: .

17. The Giant’s Causeway is a collection of rocky columns similar in

1) width.

2) height.

3) shape.

4) length.

Ответ:____ .

18. According to legend, the giant Finn McCool

1) had a musical voice.

2) worked hard to build the Causeway.

3) played the organ only when the sea roared.

4) never played his organ.

Ответ: .

По окончании выполнения заданий 10-18 не забудьте перенести свои ответы, в БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего задания, начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 10 и 11 цифры записываются без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов. Каждую цифру пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.


Прочитайте приведённые ниже тексты. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 19-25, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текстов. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 19-25.

I Wish I Had Learned to Swim

19. I grew up not far from Coney Island. Although I had been to different I I summer camps with swimming pools, I still __________ how to swim.

20. Once I __________ to spend a day with my friends on board the yacht. We dropped anchor near an island where there were picnic grounds, had lunch and started to play Frisbee in the ocean.

21. While playing, I suddenly stepped off an underwater ledge and fell in over my head. I panicked and swallowed some sea water, which only made I things __________.

22. Finally, a lifeguard pulled me ten __________ towards the shore where I could just walk out. I was embarrassed as I was the only one of my friends not knowing how to swim.





Personal Training

23. At school Mark was quite fat and his friends used to tease him because of that. He wanted to have a more athletic build but he was not fond of sports. So Mark felt really nervous while walking for the __________ time through the door of the gym.

24. However, his personal trainer designed a special workout plan for him. He assured Mark that if he followed this plan, he __________ a perfect body a month later.

25. Since then Mark __________ a single workout. Now he is very sporty and all his friends envy his muscular build.




Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Образуйте от слов, напечатанных заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 26-31, однокоренные слова так, чтобы, они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 26-31.

2012 Summer Olympics

26. The opening ceremony of the 2012 Summer Olympic Games took place in the Olympic Stadium in London. The proceedings combined the formal and __________ opening of this international sporting event with an artistic spectacle to showcase the host nation’s culture.

27. The Games were __________ opened by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II.

28. The spectacle was entitled ‘Isles of Wonder’ and designed by film director Danny Boyle, with musical __________ by electronic music group ‘Underworld.’

29. Prior to London 2012 there had been __________ concern about Britain’s ability to stage an opening ceremony that would reach the standard set by the Beijing Summer Games in 2008.

30. Boyle acknowledged that the extravagance of the opening ceremony for Beijing 2008 made it an __________ act to follow.

31. However, the 2012 ceremony was I 1 generally seen as a success, praised by numerous publications and __________ as a ‘masterpiece’ and ‘a love letter to Britain’.







Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 32-38. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям 3238, в которых представлены, возможные варианты ответов. Запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.

Buying Gloves in Gibraltar

I entered the store. A pretty young lady 32 __________ me a pair of blue gloves. I did not want blue, but she said they would look very pretty on a hand like mine. The remark touched me tenderly. I 33 __________ secretly at my hand, and somehow it did seem rather attractive. I tried a glove on my left hand and blushed. Obviously, the size was too small for me. The lady said, ‘Oh! I see you are accustomed 34 __________ wearing kid gloves while some gentlemen are so awkward about putting them on.’

It was the last compliment I had expected. I 35 __________ another effort, and tore the glove from the base of the thumb into the palm of the hand, and tried to hide the tear. She kept up her compliments, and I kept up my determination to 36 __________ them or die.

I was hot, confused, and yet still happy, but I hated the other boys for taking such an absorbing interest in the proceedings. To 37 __________ the truth, I felt exquisitely mean when I said cheerfully, ‘This one does very well. And it 38 __________ my suit perfectly. No, never mind, ma’am, never mind, I’ll put the other one in the street. It is warm here.’

I paid the bill, and, as I passed out with a fascinating bow, I thought I detected a light in the woman’s eye that was gently ironical. I tried to remember why I had entered the store in the first place, and whether I should return tomorrow to complete my initial mission.

(Adapted from ‘Buying Gloves in Gibraltar’ by Mark Twain)

32. 1) proposed

2) suggested

3) made

4) offered

Ответ:_______ .

33. 1) saw

2) glanced

3) studied

4) watched

Ответ:_______ .

34. 1) at

2) by

3) with

4) to

Ответ:_______ .

35. 1) made

2) did

3) took

4) gave

Ответ:_______ .

36. 1) take

2) give

3) deserve

4) reserve

Ответ:_______ .

37. 1) tell

2) speak

3) say

4) talk

Ответ:_______ .

38. 1) fits

2) sits

3) suits

4) matches

Ответ: .

По окончании выполнения заданий 19-38 не забудьте перенести свои ответы, в БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего задания, начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 19-31 буквы записываются без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов. Каждую букву или цифру пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.


Для ответов на задания 39 и 40 используйте бланк ответов № 2. Черновые пометки можно делать прямо на листе с заданиями, или можно использовать отдельный черновик. При выполнении заданий 39 и 40 особое внимание обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным в БЛАНКЕ ОТВЕТОВ № 2. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма текста. Тексты недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются. Запишите сначала номер задания (39, 40), а затем ответ на него. Если одной стороны бланка недостаточно, Вы можете использовать другую его сторону.

39. You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend Simon who writes:

Well, I’ve just returned from my journey to France. It was fantastic! I wish holidays were longer. How do you usually spend your holidays? Do you prefer to spend them with your family or with your friends? Why? And what are you going to do in summer?

As for my summer break, I’m planning to go diving....

Write a letter to Simon.

In your letter

— answer his questions

— ask 3 questions about his diving plans

Write 100-140 words.

Remember the rules of letter writing.

40. Comment on the following statement.

Honesty is the best policy.

What is your opinion? Do you agree with this statement?

Write 200-250 words.

Use the following plan:

— make an introduction (state the problem)

— express your personal opinion and give 2-3 reasons for your opinion

— express an opposing opinion and give 1-2 reasons for this opposing opinion

— explain why you don’t agree with the opposing opinion

— make a conclusion restating your position

Тексты для аудирования

Вы сейчас будете выполнять тест по аудированию. Во время его выполнения перед каждым заданием дана пауза с тем, чтобы вы смогли просмотреть вопросы к заданию, а также паузы после первичного и повторного предъявления аудиотекста для внесения ответов. По окончании выполнения всего раздела «Аудирование» перенесите свои ответы в бланк ответов.

Задание 1

Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего A-F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1-7. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. У вас есть 20 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданием.

Now we are ready to start.

Speaker A

I went to a public university in Arizona because they offered incredible scholarships. The cost of staying in state was low compared to any private university. Besides, my state school made the transition to college incredibly easy for me. I’d already received dual credit that transferred automatically to college, so I knew I’d enter ASU as a second- year student. Perhaps, those credits would have transferred to a private university, but it was a lot easier to just ride the wave to ASU.

Speaker B

After applying to a mix of public and private colleges, my final decision was to choose between Brown University and the University of Virginia. Both schools have so much to offer students in terms of their excellent academics. I knew I would receive a top-notch education in Virginia, and going there would be a much lighter burden on my parents. But ultimately I decided I wanted to be closer to home, and at a smaller school. I also felt more at home, culturally, in the Northeast.

Speaker C

For my undergraduate degree, I attended UC Santa Barbara, where the Department of Chemical Engineering consistently ranks as one of the top three programs in the country. As a California resident, I paid the in-state tuition rate and received a top-rate education for an exceptional price. I chose to attend a public university because it offered the highest quality education available in my field. It would be absurd to pay more for a lower quality education!

Speaker D

I was looking for a relatively small university that had a number of majors (in case I would like to change my mind) but not a lot of graduation degrees. I also wanted a rural college, where I wouldn’t have too many distractions. It should be at least an hour from home, but not more than four, so I could get back if there was a family emergency. I ultimately chose Clarion in Northwestern Pennsylvania and I was really happy with my choice.

Speaker E

I probably went to university for all the wrong reasons. I was the youngest in the family and got tired of being told what to do all the time by everyone else in the family. The family valued education, so leaving home and going out of state was the path of least resistance for my escape route. That is why my university was far from home and there were no relatives nearby. The only thing that was NOT on my mind was the expectation of a highly paid job due to higher education.

Speaker F

Rice University was significantly cheaper to attend than most other private universities, and it consistently ranks at the very top of best-value schools. Rice University also has all-around academics, which was great for me since I wasn’t sure what I wanted to focus on. I wasn’t interested in state schools nearby because I wanted something smaller. I felt like I would disappear amongst the crowds at a large public university. And the small class size at Rice was a huge bonus.

You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)

Now you will hear the texts again. (Repeat.)

This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your answers.

Задание 2

Вы услышите разговор друзей. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений A-G соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — True), какие не соответствуют (2 — False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — Not stated). Занесите номер выбранного вами ответа в таблицу. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 20 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданиями.

Now we are ready to start.

Greg: Hi, Petra! Where are you going?

Petra: I’m going outside for a breath of fresh air.

Greg: Look! There’s something going on there. Shall we go and see?

Petra: People are taking their pet dogs to the sports stadium. Come on, Greg, let’s go.

Greg: There’s a man saying something about dogs over the mike.

Petra: That’s a dog competition. I can see the dogs on the running track. Let’s watch them now.

Greg: Which one do you think will win?

Petra: I’m not that good at dogs but I think the Labrador will come first. It is very athletic. Look at his owner. He is very proud of his dog. Oh no! I was wrong: the Doberman crosses the finishing line first, the Labrador comes next and the Pointer — third.

Greg: Come Petra, let’s go and cheer the winners. As for me, I have always wanted to have a dog.

Petra: Really? But you had one last year, didn’t you?

Greg: Not at all. That was my cousin’s pet. They stayed with us for a week last year. And now my parents let me have my own puppy. Could you please help me in finding one?

Petra: My aunt has got one Alsatian pup and a German shepherd pup to sell. Would you like to buy one from her?

Greg: It would be great! But I don’t know much about these breeds. Can you tell me about them?

Petra: Well, the German shepherd and Alsatian are extremely similar in appearance and color. Both breeds are easily trained and make wonderful family pets.

Greg: What’s the difference then?

Petra: The German shepherd is a working dog whereas the Alsatian is a companion dog. It possesses a very calm, stable temperament and is quite friendly.

Greg: Then I’ll have the Alsatian. Can you take me to your aunt’s house this evening?

Petra: I’m sorry. I have to attend my music class this evening. But my aunt’s house is quite close-by.

Greg: In that case, could you please tell me how to get there?

Petra: Oh, sure! Go down this main road and turn left. Her house is the fifth one on the right side opposite the bakery.

Greg: OK. See you then.

You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)

Now you will hear the text again. (Repeat.)

This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your answers.

Задания 3-9

Вы услышите интервью. В заданиях 3-9 занесите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую номеру выбранного вами варианта ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 50 секунд, чтобы, ознакомиться с заданиями.

Now we are ready to start.

Interviewer: Today, we are going to talk to Will Smith, a teen star, who started his career as a rapper, then became an actor and movie producer and is now practically a one-man entertainment industry. His philosophy is simple: ‘I can do it.’ So, Will, you grew up in the 70s in Philadelphia. What was your neighborhood like?

Smith: It was probably 50 percent Orthodox. My class was 90 percent white, but 90 percent of the kids I played with at home were black. So I got the best of both worlds. I think that is where my comedy developed. In black neighborhoods, everybody appreciated comedy about real life. In the white community, fantasy was funnier. I started looking for the jokes that were equally hilarious across the board, for totally different reasons.

Interviewer: Is it true that at one point you were planning to go to Massachusetts Institute of Technology?

Smith: My mother, who worked for the School Board of Philadelphia, had a friend who was the admissions officer at MIT. I had pretty high SAT scores, so I probably could have got a place. But I had no intention of going to college.

Interviewer: Because you got a record deal?

Smith: My first record came out while I was a senior in high school. I told my parents I wanted to rap. They said, ‘Rap?’ My mother thought college was the only way. My father could kind of see doing something differently. We agreed that I would take a year making music, and if it did not work out, I would go to college. That year we won the first Grammy given to a rap artist.

Interviewer: Have you ever thought about going back to college?

Smith: The things that are most valuable to me were not learned in school. Traditional education is based on facts and figures and passing tests — not on a comprehension of the material and its application to your life. My wife and I homeschool our children because the date of the Boston Tea Party does not matter.

Interviewer: But there are some basics in education that need to be taught.

Smith: Of course there are. Reading, writing and arithmetic are the languages of our country.

Interviewer: When you say you homeschool, do you mean you actually teach them?

Smith: No, we have hired teachers who teach what we feel is important.

Interviewer: So, you don’t see any reason to go back to formal education yourself?

Smith: I know how to learn anything I want to learn. I believe I could learn how to fly a space shuttle because someone else knows how to fly it, and they put it in a book. Give me the book, and I don’t need somebody to stand up in front of the class.

Interviewer: Your son Jaden plays the part of your son in the movie. How did that come about?

Smith: I was reading the script one night, and he said, ‘I can do that, Daddy.’ He’d already done a couple of sitcom appearances, but had no formal theatrical training other than good genes.

Interviewer: Does he want to do more acting?

Smith: Yeah. He says he wants to make comedy, though.

Interviewer: Do you worry about the problems many child actors face?

Smith: Actually, I don’t believe in getting trapped in a pattern when you recognize the pattern. When my partner, James Lassiter, and I came to Hollywood, I said, ‘I want to be the biggest movie star in the world.’ We observed that of the top ten movies of all time, eight were special effects or animation with creatures and a love story. So we made Independence Day. When you see the patterns, you just try to put yourself in the position to get lucky. So Jaden has great chances to succeed in this profession.

Interviewer: Well, thank you for joining us and sharing your views with our audience. Our next guest today is....

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Now you will hear the text again. (Repeat.)

This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your answers.

This is the end of the Listening Test.