АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК - Новый полный справочник для подготовки к ЕГЭ - 2018
Раздел ГРАММАТИКА И ЛЕКСИКА
ОБРАЗЦЫ ЗАДАНИЙ 32-38 В ФОРМАТЕ ЕГЭ
1. Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 32-38. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям 32-38, в которых представлены, возможные варианты ответов. Запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую номеру выбранного вами варианта ответа.
‘The landscape seen from our windows is certainly charming,’ said Annabel; ‘those cherry orchards and green meadows, and the river winding along the valley. However, nothing ever happens here. Rather dreadful, isn’t it?’
‘On the 32 __________,’ said Matilda, ‘I find it soothing and restful; but then, you see, I’ve lived in countries where things do happen, especially when you’re not ready for them happening all at once.’
‘That, of course, makes a 33 __________,’ said Annabel.
‘I’ll never forget,’ said Matilda, ‘the occasion when the Bishop of Bequar 34 __________ us an unexpected visit.’
‘I thought that out there you were always prepared for emergency guests turning 35 __________,’ said Annabel.
‘I was quite prepared for half a dozen Bishops,’ said Matilda, ‘but this particular one was a distant cousin of mine, belonging to a branch of the family that had quarreled bitterly with our branch. To make 36 __________ worse, my husband was away, talking sense to a village community that one of their leading men was a were-tiger.’
‘A what tiger?’
‘A were-tiger; you’ve heard of were-wolves, haven’t you, a mixture of wolf and human being and demon? Well, in those parts they have were-tigers. 37 __________, as we gave up witchcraft prosecutions about three hundred years ago, we wouldn’t like to have other people keeping on our discarded practices.’
‘I hope you weren’t unkind to the Bishop,’ said Annabel.
‘Well, of course he was my guest, so I had to be polite to him, but he was tactless enough to rake up the incidents of the old quarrel, and from that moment we were scarcely on speaking 38 __________.
32. 1) contrast
33. 1) statement
34. 1) paid
35. 1) to
36. 1) issues
37. 1) Although
38. 1) conditions
2. Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 32-38. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям 32-38, в которых представлены, возможные варианты ответов. Запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую номеру выбранного вами варианта ответа.
Side by Side
Melissa dropped into a chair in front of her manager’s desk. ‘I don’t know how people with kids can do this job,’ the 25-year-old radio advertising sales rep said. Her boss, Laurie Thompson, had heard such self-doubt before. Her six salespeople often popped into her office to give vent to their 32 __________ about a tough day of cold-calling.
Laurie nodded. She didn’t have children, 33 __________ herself instead to a sales career, cycling, sailing and spending time with her husband.
‘I don’t think I’ll ever have kids, 34 __________ that would really disappoint my parents,’ Melissa said.
‘Why? Because you’re an only child?’ Laurie asked. Melissa explained her parents would be disappointed because they 35 __________ for grandkids. Then she added, almost as an afterthought, ‘I was adopted.’
From the time she was tiny, Melissa knew that she was adopted. Her new parents were always open with their daughter about where she came from. Along the way, Melissa grew 36 __________ to questions from people who had learnt she was adopted. So she wasn’t at all 37 __________ about answering her boss that afternoon.
‘Have you ever had a desire to meet your real parents?’ Laurie asked.
‘Not really,’ Melissa said. ‘It’s not that I don’t want to. It’s just that I haven’t got around to it. And I don’t feel like I’m missing anything. My parents are wonderful.’
Melissa laughed and was about to leave when Laurie asked her another question.
‘When were you born?’
‘April 14, 1981.’ Then, feeling she’d taken 38 __________ enough of her boss’s time, Melissa said goodbye and headed home.
32. 1) happiness
33. 1) preparing
34. 1) therefore
35. 1) wanted
36. 1) accustomed
37. 1) conscious
38. 1) over
3. Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 32-38. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям 32-38, в которых представлены, возможные варианты ответов. Запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую номеру выбранного вами варианта ответа.
Globalization has removed many of the gaps that have existed between and among nations. The 21st century has 32 __________ in a new era in man’s ongoing quest for a better life. For the first time in history, we can now claim to live in ‘one world’. While the physical divide is still present, the 33 __________ of the Information Highway on how we communicate is simply staggering. Rapid improvements in information technology have allowed us to exchange information and communicate almost everywhere, anywhere and anytime.
Globalization, as a general term, is best understood as the spread of ideas about the environment, democracy, human rights, and less complicated issues like fashion. An example of the remarkable effects of globalization is the invention of the telephone. Gone are the weeks and even months of waiting for a letter. Anybody can talk to anyone who has another phone 34 __________ of distance or location on the planet. With the aid of satellites, smart phones allow us to make a phone call, send a video, or even receive an email. These 35 __________ in communication have revolutionized the lives of millions of people.
The nature of business has also improved by 36 __________ and bounds owing to globalization. Because of the electronic media, vast amounts of important information can reach any part of the globe in 37 __________ time. Business establishments, whether big or small, use the Internet to expand their company’s growth. With the ever improving technology come new markets, higher 38 __________ for products, and also greater competition. Making investments in information and communication technology is now a must for any business enterprise.
32. 1) started
33. 1) cause
34. 1) regardless
35. 1) breakups
36. 1) bonds
37. 1) some
38. 1) access
4. Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 32-38. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям 32-38, в которых представлены, возможные варианты ответов. Запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую номеру выбранного вами варианта ответа.
Qualities of a Good Leader
How often have you heard the comment, ‘He or she is a born leader’? Whether a person is born a leader or develops skills and abilities to become a leader is open for debate. 32 __________, there are some clear characteristics that are found in all good leaders.
First of all, a good leader has an exemplary character. It is of great importance that a leader is trustworthy to lead others. A real leader ‘walks the talk’ and in doing so earns the right to have responsibility for others. True authority is born from respect 33 __________ the good character and trustworthiness of the person who leads.
A good leader is 34 __________ about their work and also about their role as leader. People will respond more openly to a person of passion and dedication. Leaders need to be able to be a source of inspiration, and be a motivator towards the required action or cause.
A good leader is 35 __________ to excellence. Second 36 __________ does not lead to success. A perfect leader not only maintains high standards, but also is proactive in raising the bar in order to achieve excellence in all areas.
Good leaders remain calm under pressure. Storms, emotions, and crises come and go and a real leader takes these as part of the journey and keeps a 37 __________ head.
These personal characteristics are foundational to good leadership and naturally put people in a position where they’re looked 38 __________ as leaders. A good leader whether they naturally possess these qualities or not, will be diligent to consistently develop and strengthen them in their leadership role.
32. 1) Although
33. 1) for
34. 1) enthusiastic
35. 1) conscious
36. 1) hand
37. 1) fresh
38. 1) after
3) down on
4) up to
5. Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 32-38. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям 32-38, в которых представлены, возможные варианты ответов. Запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую номеру выбранного вами варианта ответа.
Learn How to Sing
Everyone needs to be able to sing. It’s fine if you naturally have perfect 32 __________, but if not, the embarrassment ruins birthdays and other events. People who can sing take this musical ability 33 __________ granted. If you can’t sing, people make fun of you, until the teasing just isn’t amusing any longer.
Luckily online courses make it possible to improve your singing voice over the Internet! With the help of technology, these classes are as good as having a real live singing teacher right in your living room. Singing lessons at home are 34 __________ because you can fit them around your life. They are taken at any time in the privacy of your own home, and if you are very embarrassed, you can do them when nobody else is about to hear. Moreover, vocal lessons you take in your own home allow you to succeed rapidly. You get your singing education at your own 35 __________ and it’s up to you to decide how fast you will go. This means the course is fully customized for you.
No matter how bad your voice is singing courses can help you, although if you do not have the talent, they will not 36 __________ you into the next pop star. Most singing courses start off with the simplest of exercises, and as you progress, give you more advanced instructions to help improve your singing skills. Soon you’ll find yourself singing the most complicated melodies, and this will 37 __________ up your confidence!
Perhaps you would like to sing in a public forum onstage? Does learning about different singing styles and harmonies sound interesting to you? Whatever singing category you are interested 38 __________, online courses can assist you with your singing goals.
32. 1) vocal
33. 1) like
34. 1) convenient
35. 1) time
36. 1) lead
37. 1) raise
38. 1) by