загрузка...

АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК - Новый полный справочник для подготовки к ЕГЭ - 2018

Раздел ГРАММАТИКА И ЛЕКСИКА

Задания 26-31

ПРАКТИЧЕСКИЙ СПРАВОЧНИК ПО СЛОВООБРАЗОВАНИЮ

Суффиксы прилагательных

Суффиксы -y, -ic, -(i)an, -(i)al, -less, -ly

Суффикс

Образование

Примеры

исходное слово

прилагательное

+ -y

существительные + -у

boss, brain, cloud, curl, cream, dirt, dream, dust, fault, filth, fizz, frost, fruit, gloom, gloss, greed, grocer, guilt, hair, hand, health, heart, luck, mess, might, milk, mint, mist, mood, naught, oil, peach, pearl, pepper, rain, risk, rock, rust, salt, sand, shower, silk, sleep, snow, soap, speed, spook, sport, thirst, trick, water, wealth, wind, word, worth

bossy, brainy, cloudy, curly, creamy, dirty, dreamy, dusty, faulty, filthy, fizzy, frosty, fruity, gloomy, glossy, greedy, grocery, guilty, hairy, handy, healthy, hearty, lucky, messy, mighty, milky, minty, misty, moody, naughty, oily, peachy, pearly, peppery, rainy, risky, rocky, rusty, salty, sandy, showery, silky, sleepy, snowy, soapy, speedy, spooky, sporty, thirsty, tricky, watery, wealthy, windy, wordy, worthy

-er→ -rу

anger, hunger, winter

angry, hungry, wintry

согласная буква на конце, стоящая после ударной гласной, удваивается + -y

bag, fat, flop, fog, fun, fur, gum, jam, knot, mud, nut, pig, rat, scrap, shrub, skin, spot, star, wit

baggy, fatty, floppy, foggy, funny, furry, gummy, jammy, knotty, muddy, nutty, piggy, ratty, scrappy, shrubby, skinny, spotty, starry, witty

существительные, оканчивающиеся на -е, -ена конце → -у

bone, breeze, curve, drizzle, ease, grease, ice, laze, noise, nose, price, shine, sleaze, smoke, spice, stone, stripe, taste, tide, wave

bony, breezy, curvy, drizzly, easy, greasy, icy, lazy, noisy, nosy, pricy, shiny, sleazy, smoky, spicy, stony, stripy, tasty, tidy, wavy

Исключения

chocolate, home (Am), price

chocolatey, homey, pricey

-c→ -ck + -y

garlic, panic

garlicky, panicky

глаголы + -y

catch, cheer, creak, crisp, croak, glitter, slipper, stick, stretch

catchy, cheery, creaky, crispy, croaky, glittery, slippery, sticky, stretchy

Удвоение согласной + -y

chat, run

chatty, runny

глаголы -е на конце → -y

choose, doze, drowse, giggle

choosy, dozy, drowsy, giggly

+ -ic

существительные + -ic

acryl, alcohol, algebra, alphabet, atom, class, ocean, electron, hero, magnet, nomad, organ, patriot, period, poet, prophet, robot, symbol

acrylic, alcoholic, algebraic, alphabetic, atomic, classic, oceanic, electronic, heroic, magnetic, nomadic, organic, patriotic, periodic, poetic, prophetic, robotic, symbolic

acrobat, democrat, diplomat

acrobatic, democratic, diplomatic

graph, photograph, telegraph

graphic, photographic, telegraphic

artist, capitalist, fatalist, journalist, idealist, linguist, materialist, nationalist, optimist, pessimist, realist, stylist

artistic, capitalistic, fatalistic, journalistic, idealistic, linguistic, materialistic, nationalistic, optimistic, pessimistic, realistic, stylistic

enthusiast, gymnast

enthusiastic, gymnastic

существительные, оканчивающиеся на -е, -ена конце → -ic

athlete, atmosphere, base, climate, satire

athletic, atmospheric, basic, climatic, satiric

существительные, оканчивающиеся на -ia, -iaна конце → -ic

dyslexia, nostalgia, encyclop(a)edia

dyslexic, nostalgic, encyclop(a)edic

существительные, оканчивающиеся на -y, -yна конце → -ic

academy, allergy, economy, geography, harmony, history, homeopathy, majesty, melancholy, melody, philosophy, strategy

academic, allergic, economic, geographic, harmonic, historic, homeopathic, majestic, melancholic, melodic, philosophic, strategic

некоторые существительные, оканчивающиеся на -y, -y →-etic

apology, energy, apathy, sympathy

apologetic, energetic, apathetic, sympathetic

существительные, оканчивающиеся на -a + -tic

aroma, asthma, cinema, drama, trauma

aromatic, asthmatic, cinematic, dramatic, traumatic

существительные, оканчивающиеся на -em, -om + -atic

emblem, problem, system, idiom, symptom

emblematic, problematic, systematic, idiomatic, symptomatic

Исключения

atom, romance, science, tragedy, fantasy, volcano, character

atomic, romantic, scientific, tragic, fantastic, volcanic, characteristic

+ -(i)an

существительные + -ian

Arthur, Christ, Darwin, Newton, Paris

Arthurian, Christian, Darwinian, Newtonian, Parisian

существительные, оканчивающиеся на -ia + -n

Asia, Australia, Bulgaria, Eurasia, Georgia, India, Persia, Russia, Scandinavia, utopia, Victoria

Asian, Australian, Bulgarian, Eurasian, Georgian, Indian, Persian, Russian, Scandinavian, utopian, Victorian

существительные, оканчивающиеся на -a, -e, -y, -a, -e, -y → -(i)an

America, Canada

American, Canadian

Greece, Palestine, reptile, Rome

Grecian, Palestinian, reptilian, Roman

antiquary, Hungary, Italy

antiquarian, Hungarian, Italian

Исключения

Belgium, Caucasus, Mars, Norway, Peru

Belgian, Caucasian, Martian,

Norwegian, Peruvian

Germany

German

sect, vegetate

sectarian, vegetarian

+ -(i)al

существительные + -al

behaviour, coast, digit, elector, form, herb, norm, orbit, origin, person, post, season, therm, verb, triumph, virgin, zodiac

behavioural, coastal, digital, electoral, formal, herbal, normal, orbital, original, personal, postal, seasonal, thermal, verbal, triumphal, virginal, zodiacal

существительные, оканчивающиеся на -tion/-sion + -al

addition, constitution, condition, conversation, education, emotion, exception, fiction, fraction, function, institution, instruction, nation, nutrition, operation, option, promotion, ration, recreation, region, tradition, vocation

additional, constitutional, conditional, conversational, educational, emotional, exceptional, fictional, fractional, functional, institutional, instructional, national, nutritional, operational, optional, promotional, rational, recreational, regional, traditional, vocational

division, occasion, procession, profession

divisional, occasional, processional, professional

существительные, оканчивающиеся на -ent + -al

accident, continent, environment, orient, experiment, parent, government, incident, instrument, monument, ornament, sentiment

accidental, continental, environmental, oriental, experimental, parental, governmental, incidental, instrumental, monumental, ornamental, sentimental

существительные, оканчивающиеся на -ic + -al

clinic, comic, critic, cynic, logic, magic, mechanic, music, mystic, topic

clinical, comical, critical, cynical, logical, magical, mechanical, musical, mystical, topical

если -ics на конце, -s → -al

mathematics, physics, politics, statistics

mathematical, physical, political, statistical

-aна конце → -al

orchestra, phenomena

orchestral, phenomenal

существительные, оканчивающиеся на -е, -eна конце → -al

agriculture, architecture, culture, nature, sculpture, procedure, structure

agricultural, architectural, cultural, natural, sculptural, procedural, structural

practice, spouse, universe, centre

practical, spousal, universal, central

Aborigine, commune, fate, globe, homicide

Aboriginal, communal, fatal, global, homicidal

существительные + -ial

ambassador, director, editor, equator, manager, professor, senator, tutor

ambassadorial, directorial, editorial, equatorial, managerial, professorial, senatorial, tutorial

president, resident

presidential, residential

commerce, face, office, finance, province, race

commercial, facial, official, financial, provincial, racial

circumstance, essence, confidence, influence

circumstantial, essential, confidential, influential

ceremony, colony, controversy, memory, industry, secretary

ceremonial, colonial, controversial, memorial, industrial, secretarial

Исключения

navy

naval

существительные + -ical

alphabet, class, graph, period, poet, rhythm

alphabetical, classical, graphical, periodical, poetical, rhythmical

существительные, оканчивающиеся на -у, -yна конце → -ical

anatomy, arch(a)eology, astrology, astronomy, biology, botany, ecology, economy, geography, geology, history, irony, monarchy, pedagogy, philosophy, psychology, physiology, technology

anatomical, arch(a)eological, astrological, astronomical, biological, botanical, ecological, economical, geographical, geological, historical, ironical, monarchical, pedagogical, philosophical, psychological, physiological, technological

-eна конце → -ical

satire, theatre, type

satirical, theatrical, typical

+ -ual означает «основанный на»

fact, habit, instinct, intellect, sex, spirit

factual, habitual, instinctual, intellectual, sexual, spiritual

Исключения

numeracy, surgery, theory

numeral/numerical, surgical, theoretical

benefit, choir, crime, horizon, society

beneficial, choral, criminal, horizontal, social

+ -less

существительные + -less(суффикс -less имеет значение «отсутствие» и соответствует русской приставке «без/бес»)

age, aim, air, blood, bound, brain, breath, care, child, cloud, colour, count, defence, emotion, end, fear, form, friend, fruit, goal, ground, hair, harm, head, heart, help, home, hope, humour, job, leg, life, limit, meaning, motion, noise, pain, paper, point, power, price, purpose, seam, self, sense, shame, shape, skin, sleep, taste, thought, tune, use, wind, wire, wit, word, worth, etc.

ageless, aimless, airless, bloodless, boundless, brainless, breathless, careless, childless, cloudless, colourless, countless, defenceless, emotionless, endless, fearless, formless, friendless, fruitless, goalless, groundless, hairless, harmless, headless, heartless, helpless, homeless, hopeless, humourless, jobless, legless, lifeless, limitless, meaningless, motionless, noiseless, painless, paperless, pointless, powerless, priceless, purposeless, seamless, selfless, senseless, shameless, shapeless, skinless, sleepless, tasteless, thoughtless, tuneless, useless, windless, wireless, witless, wordless, worthless, etc.

-у на конце → -i

mercy, penny, pity

merciless, penniless, pitiless

глаголы + -less

count, thank, tire

countless, thankless, tireless

+ -ly

существительные + -ly

brother, father, man, neighbour, sister, wife

brotherly, fatherly, manly, neighbourly, sisterly, wifely

king, knight, lord, master, priest, prince, queen, scholar

kingly, knightly, lordly, masterly, priestly, princely, queenly, scholarly

beast, coward, friend, gang, gentleman, miser

beastly, cowardly, friendly, gangly, gentlemanly, miserly

hour, month, night, time, week, year

hourly, monthly, nightly, timely, weekly, yearly

death, earth, ghost, god, heaven

deathly, earthly, ghostly, godly, heavenly

cost, disorder, leisure, love, order, shape

costly, disorderly, leisurely, lovely, orderly, shapely

-y на конце → -i + -ly

body, day

bodily, daily

существительные + -erly

east, north, south, west

easterly, northerly, southerly, westerly

прилагательные + -ly

dead, kind, live, lone, sick

deadly, kindly, lively, lonely, sickly

4.1. Образуйте прилагательные, используя суффиксы -y/-ic/-(i)an/-(i)al/-less/-ly.

1. digit

2. patriot

3. dead

4. meaning

5. option

6. utopia

7. benefit

8. spice

9. linguist

10. life

11. anger

12. Rome

13. problem

14. fur

15. type

4.2. Образуйте прилагательные, используя суффиксы -y/-ic/-(i)an/-(i)al/-less/-ly.

1. volcano

2. stick

3. occasional

4. energy

5. aim

6. lone

7. colony

8. allergy

9. Germany

10. enthusiast

11. commerce

12. hunger

13. culture

14. greed

15. tune

4.3. Образуйте прилагательные, используя суффиксы -y/-ic/-(i)an/-(i)al/-less/-ly.

1. wire

2. month

3. trauma

4. fiction

5. Australia

6. origin

7. ice

8. mercy

9. critic

10. diplomat

11. centre

12. vegetate

13. editor

14. system

15. mud

4.4. Заполните пропуски прилагательными, образованными от слов, напечатанных в конце строк заглавными буквами.

1. It’s always good to see your ______________ smile.

2. John is very ______________ Everybody likes him.

3. The ______________ language of the UK is English.

4. The country needs time for an ______________ recovery.

5. His life was absolutely ______________ without his wife.

6. I am ______________ with you. Why are you so late?

7. ‘It is a ______________ moment,’ he told the journalists.

8. The soup is absolutely ______________. Pass me the salt, please.

9. Everything is ready for ______________ elections.

10. My brother enjoys wearing ______________ trousers.

OPTIMIST

FRIEND

OFFICE

ECONOMY

AIM

ANGER

HISTORY

TASTE

PRESIDENT

BAG

4.5. Заполните пропуски прилагательными, образованными от слов, напечатанных в конце строк заглавными буквами.

1. Jackson has got a ______________ collection of coins.

2. They have the most ______________ approach to advertising.

3. He looked ______________ as if he hadn’t eaten for ages.

4. This phenomenon can’t be explained from a ______________ point of view.

5. I started a new diet and added some exercises to my ______________ routine.

6. He was arrested because of his ______________ activity.

7. The ______________ period is the time when Queen Victoria ruled Britain.

8. The food in this café is always ______________.

9. You can hold this snake. It’s absolutely ______________.

10. ______________ identity is closely tied to geography.

PRICE

PROFESSION

SKIN

SCIENCE

DAY

CRIME

VICTORY

TASTE

HARM

EGYPT

4.6. Прочитайте текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами.

Youth subcultures have always played an (1) ______________ role in evolution. They are usually the cause of (2) ______________ social changes and even (3) ______________ events. Always separate from mainstream behaviours, they are regarded as a threat to the (4) ______________ status quo of a society and are therefore attacked by any means. Due to these (5) ______________ attacks, few subcultures ever last long enough to have a (6) ______________ influence.

The few that do, lead to changes that have a (7) ______________ impact on people’s lives. Nowadays, the explosion of the Internet has a (8) ______________ effect on the evolution of subcultures. It took the hippie movement almost a decade to evolve and grow from a group of drug users to a (9) ______________ subculture that changed (10) ______________ society forever. Today, however, subcultures evolve in weeks or months and can therefore have an immediate impact on a (11) ______________ scale. But at the same time, their growth is only based on (12) ______________ media, which makes it (13) ______________ for them to be controlled and transformed. Perhaps, this is the reason why we have not yet seen another subculture grow to be anything like the hippie movement was.

ESSENCE

BASE

TRAGEDY

POLITICS

END

FUNDAMENT

SPECIFY

DRAMA

SYMBOL

AMERICA

GLOBE

ELECTRON

EASE

Суффиксы -ous, -able/-ible, -ful, -ive, -ing

Суффикс

Образование

Примеры

существительные/глаголы

прилагательные

+ -ous

существительные + -ous

anonym, danger, hazard, joy, mountain, murder, poison, ruin, synonym, thunder, venom

anonymous, dangerous, hazardous, joyous, mountainous, murderous, poisonous, ruinous, synonymous, thunderous, venomous

исключается -u- в британском написании

glamour, humour, rigour, vigour

glamorous, humorous, rigorous, vigorous

labour

laborious

-е на конце + -ous

advantage, courage, disadvantage, outrage

advantageous, courageous, disadvantageous, outrageous

-е на конце → -ous

adventure, fame, nerve, ridicule

adventurous, famous, nervous, ridiculous

-е на конце → -ious

grace, space

gracious, spacious

существительные, оканчивающиеся на -у, -у на конце → -i + -ous

ceremony, envy, fury, glory, harmony, industry, luxury, melody, mystery

ceremonious, envious, furious, glorious, harmonious, industrious, luxurious, melodious, mysterious

Исключение

autonomy

autonomous

-ety/-ity на конце → -ous

anxiety, notoriety, variety

anxious, notorious, various

spontaneity, unanimity

spontaneous, unanimous

Исключение

hilarity

hilarious

существительные, оканчивающиеся на -ion, -on → -ous

ambition, caution, infection, nutrition, religion, repetition, superstition, suspicion

ambitious, cautious, infectious, nutritious, religious, repetitious, superstitious, suspicious

Исключения

fiction, population

fictitious, populous

особые случаи прибавления -ous

delicacy, numeracy, jealousy, judiciary

delicious, numerous, jealous, judicious

disaster, monster

disastrous, monstrous

marvel, libel, rebel

marvellous, libellous, rebellious

error, instant, miracle, tedium

erroneous, instantaneous, miraculous, tedious

глаголы + -ous

continue, study, vary

continuous, study, vary

+ -able

существительные + -able

comfort, fashion, favour, honour, profit, reason, remark, season

comfortable, fashionable, favourable, honourable, profitable, reasonable, remarkable, seasonable

-e на конце не отбрасывается

change,

knowledge, sale, size, service

changeable, knowledgeable, saleable, sizeable, serviceable

-yна конце → -able

memory, misery

memorable, miserable

глаголы + -able = can be done

accept, adapt, adjust, afford, avail, avoid, bear, break, consider, count, depend, download, drink, eat, enjoy, predict, prefer, question, read, suit, renew, repair, wash, respect, sustain, work, understand

acceptable, adaptable, adjustable, affordable, available, avoidable, bearable, breakable, considerable, countable, dependable, downloadable, drinkable, eatable, enjoyable, predictable, preferable, questionable, readable, suitable, renewable, repairable, washable, respectable, sustainable, workable, understandable

agree, foresee

agreeable, foreseeable

согласная на конце, после ударной гласной удваивается

control, forget, program, regret, stop

controllable, (un)forgettable, programmable, regrettable, unstoppable

-ateна конце → -able

appreciate, separate, communicate, tolerate, demonstrate, operate, irritate

appreciable, separable, communicable, tolerable, demonstrable, operable, irritable

-eна конце → -able

admire, adore, advise, argue, believe, breathe, commute, compare, consume, cure, debate, desire, dispose, endure, execute,

admirable, adorable, advisable, arguable, believable, breathable, commutable, comparable, consumable, curable, debatable, desirable, disposable, endurable,

note, grade, love, imagine, measure, move, observe, quote, recognise/recognize, recycle, remove, substitute, value

executable, notable, gradable, lovable, imaginable, measurable, movable, observable, quotable, recognisable/recognizable, recyclable, removable, substitutable, valuable

исключения: e на конце не отбрасывается

change, charge, like, manage, move, notice, replace, trace

changeable, chargeable, likeable, manageable, moveable, noticeable, replaceable, traceable

-y на конце → -i + -able

deny, justify, modify, pity, rely, vary

deniable, justifiable, modifiable, pitiable, reliable, variable

Исключения

charity, society, apply, hospitality

charitable, sociable, applicable, hospitable

+ -ible

существительные + -ible

horror, terror

horrible, terrible

response, sense

responsible, sensible

vision

visible

глаголы + -ible

access, convert, corrupt, deduct, flex, resist, suggest

accessible, convertible, corruptible, deductible, flexible, irresistible, suggestible

-eна конце → -ible

collapse, force, reduce, reverse

collapsible, forcible, reducible, reversible

-d на конце → -s + -ible

comprehend, defend, respond

comprehensible, defensible, responsible

-t→ -ss- + -ible

admit, permit

admissible, permissible

особые случаи

credit, divide, perceive

(in)credible, divisible, perceptible

+ -ive

существительные + -ive

addict, defect, effect, object, prospect, subject

addictive, defective, effective, objective, prospective, subjective

excess, mass, reflex

excessive, massive, reflexive

-eна конце → -ive

abuse, expense, state

abusive, expensive, stative

глаголы + -ive

act, affect, attract, elect, construct, correct, instruct, interact, react, protect, predict, reflect, respect, restrict, select

active, affective, attractive, elective, constructive, corrective, instructive, interactive, reactive, protective, predictive, reflective, respective, restrictive, selective, etc.

adapt, adopt, disrupt

adaptive, adoptive, disruptive

depress, express, impress, obsess, progress

depressive, expressive, impressive, obsessive, progressive

assert, support

assertive, supportive

contrast, digest, exhaust

contrastive, digestive, exhaustive

invent, prevent

inventive, preventive

глаголы + -ative

affirm, inform, represent

affirmative, informative, representative

-е на конце → -ive

administrate, alternate, commemorate, create, communicate, cooperate, decorate, demonstrate, educate, execute, illustrate, indicate, innovate, negate, operate, relate, vegetate

administrative, alternative, commemorative, creative, communicative, cooperative, decorative, demonstrative, educative, executive, illustrative, indicative, innovative, negative, operative, relative, vegetative

-eна конце → -ative

compare, cure, declare, restore

comparative, curative, declarative, restorative

cause, conserve, derive, imagine

causative, conservative, derivative, imaginative

-eна конце → -tive

deduce, produce, reduce, reproduce

deductive, productive, reductive, reproductive

-be→ -ptive

describe, prescribe

descriptive, prescriptive

-ive→ -ptive

deceive, perceive, receive

deceptive, perceptive, receptive

-dна конце → -sive

apprehend, comprehend, defend, extend, offend

apprehensive, comprehensive, defensive, extensive, offensive

expand, respond

expansive, responsive

-deна конце → -sive

conclude, exclude, invade, include, intrude, persuade

conclusive, exclusive, invasive, inclusive, intrusive, persuasive

decide, divide, explode

decisive, divisive, explosive

особые случаи

compete, repeat, sense

competitive, repetitive, sensitive

consume, destroy

consumptive, destructive

прилагательные + -ive

distinct, intense

distinctive, intensive

+ -ful

существительные + -ful

boast, care, cheer, law, colour, delight, doubt, dread, faith, fear, fright, fruit, grace, grate, harm, hate, help, hope, joy, meaning, pain, peace, power, purpose, regret, resource, respect, skill, stress, tact, success, tune, thought, truth, use, waste, watch, wonder, youth

boastful, careful, cheerful, lawful, colourful, delightful, doubtful, dreadful, faithful, fearful, frightful, fruitful, graceful, grateful, harmful, hateful, helpful, hopeful, joyful, meaningful, painful, peaceful, powerful, purposeful, regretful, resourceful, respectful, skilful, stressful, tactful, successful, tuneful, thoughtful, truthful, useful, wasteful, watchful, wonderful, youthful

-y на конце → -i- + -ful

beauty, bounty, duty, fancy, mercy, pity, plenty

beautiful, bountiful, dutiful, fanciful, merciful, pitiful, plentiful

глаголы + -ful

forget, resent, thank

forgetful, resentful, thankful

+ -ing

глаголы + -ing

annoy, astonish, correspond, depress, develop, disappoint, disgust, embarrass, entertain, exhaust, fail, follow, help, interest, relax, reward, shock, terrify, work, worry

annoying, astonishing, corresponding, depressing, developing, disappointing, disgusting, embarrassing, entertaining, exhausting, failing, following, helping, interesting, relaxing, rewarding, shocking, terrifying, working, worrying

-eна конце → -ing

amaze, amuse, bore, care, challenge, change, convince, excite, fascinate, freeze, supervise, surprise

amazing, amusing, boring, caring, challenging, changing, convincing, exciting, fascinating, freezing, supervising, surprising

4.7. Образуйте прилагательные, используя суффиксы -ous, -able/-ible, -ive, -ful.

1. knowledge

2. mountain

3. delight

4. adore

5. horror

6. represent

7. luxury

8. explode

9. access

10. bounty

11. support

12. disaster

13. faith

14. mystery

15. change

4.8. Образуйте прилагательные, используя суффиксы -ous, -able/-ible, -ive, -ful.

1. miracle

2. fright

3. admit

4. favour

5. pain

6. reverse

7. invent

8. forget

9. marvel

10. beauty

11. compete

12. labour

13. endure

14. nutrition

15. sense

4.9. Образуйте прилагательные, используя суффиксы -ous, -able/-ible, -ive, -ful.

1. destroy

2. permit

3. vigour

4. tune

5. intrude

6. society

7. fancy

8. space

9. describe

10. reduce

11. rely

12. rebel

13. terror

14. agree

15. resent

4.10. Заполните пропуски прилагательными, образованными от слов, напечатанных в конце строк заглавными буквами.

1. Julia has made _____________ progress in French.

2. It’s a _____________ story with a bit of romance in it.

3. The fortress was _____________ against the power of nature.

4. This _____________ hat can match any wardrobe.

5. _____________ parts make modern technology

6. This dress is rather _____________. I won’t buy it.

7. My sister is not afraid of anything. She is very _____________.

8. This job gave him _____________ experience.

9. The weather has been really _____________ all week.

10. ‘The Beatles’ were the most _____________ group of the 70s.

REMARK

HUMOUR

DEFENCE

BEAUTY

REPLACE, FLEX

EXPENSE

COURAGE

VALUE

HORROR

SUCCESS

4.11. Заполните пропуски прилагательными, образованными от слов, напечатанных в конце строк заглавными буквами.

1. There was a _____________ debate over our proposal.

2. After a few years, he became very _____________ at drawing.

3. The girl looked cold and _____________.

4. The hotel is proud of its _____________ staff.

5. She’s a very _____________ person.

6. It would be _____________ to consult your doctor first.

7. I’m still _____________ whether I should accept this job.

8. Information should be _____________ to the public.

9. We have got a wide choice of _____________ subjects at our school.

10. _____________ My uncle’s company is very _____________.

FURY

SKILL

MISERY

ATTENTION

CREATE

SENSE

DOUBT

ACCESS

ELECT

PROFIT

4.12. Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуски прилагательными, образованными от слов в скобках, так, чтобы они лексически и грамматически соответствовали тексту.

Computer Addiction

While the computer is an incredibly (1) _____________ (use) tool, wasting time on it seems to be all too easy. Although time spent online can be hugely (2) _____________ (produce), compulsive Internet use can interfere with daily life, work, and relationships. When you feel more (3) _____________ (comfort) with your online friends than your real ones, or you can’t stop yourself from playing games or surfing the Net, then you may be using the Internet too much. Moreover, Facebook and other social media websites can be (4) _____________ (hazard) to teenagers’ mental health.

The types of behaviour and (5) _____________ (negate) consequences are similar to those known as (6) _____________ (addict) disorders therefore the term Computer or Internet Addiction has come into use. Computer addiction, especially to such features like games or instant messaging, are just as (7) _____________ (power) as drug addiction, and (8) _____________ (excess) computer usage could lead to more serious problems down the road. First of all, it can be highly (9) _____________ (disrupt) in the work environment and has a great impact on productivity.

(10) _____________ (vary) types of computer addicts have different reasons for their habits. However, all of them show similar symptoms of addiction. They become more (11) _____________ (irritate) and neglect their everyday responsibilities.

Learning how to deal with the warning signs of computer addiction by taking action before things get out of hand can be really (12) _____________ (help). There are (13) _____________ (number) articles, websites and (14) _____________ (end) discussions on the internet on the subject.

For some people, total abstinence may be a (15) _____________ (reason) cure, but that may not be a (16) _____________ (practice) option if your work or school requires online activity. An important aspect of overcoming Internet and computer addiction is to find (17) _____________ (alternate) ways to deal with (18) _____________ (stress) situations. In this case, the most (19) _____________ (effect) solution to fight cyber addiction could be a step-by-step recovery program, which may likely mean (20) _____________ (profession) assistance.

Комплексные упражнения в формате ЕГЭ

4.13. Заполните пропуски прилагательными, образованными от слов, напечатанных в конце строк заглавными буквами.

1. It is a very _____________ road.

2. This cabin is very _____________.

3. Great Britain is an _____________ country.

4. Chamonix is a _____________ skiing resort in the French Alps.

5. She plays the guitar and she is very _____________.

6. It was so _____________ that she couldn’t see anything.

7. Her mother is very _____________. She always tries to save money.

8. Everyone knows this actress. She is very _____________.

9. The National Gallery is in the _____________ part of the city.

10. The guide was very _____________ and answered all our questions.

DANGER

COMFORT

INDUSTRY

FAME

MUSIC

FOG

ECONOMY

ATTRACT

CENTRE

KNOWLEDGE

4.14. Заполните пропуски прилагательными, образованными от слов, напечатанных в конце строк заглавными буквами.

1. It is a very _____________ job.

2. She’s getting very _____________ in her old age.

3. I enjoy _____________ weather.

4. Jane is very _____________. She always keeps her promise.

5. The _____________ language is rather difficult to learn.

6. All the dancers were wearing _____________ costumes.

7. The water in this river is quite _____________.

8. I make _____________ trips to the grocery store.

9. It’s not _____________ to wear long skirts at the moment.

10. You’re a great cook and your pies are really _____________.

CHALLENGE

FORGET

RAIN

RESPONSE

HUNGARY

TRADITION

DRINK

WEEK

FASHION

TASTE

4.15. Прочитайте текст. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами.

Global tourism is big business. It can bring substantial (1) _____________ gain to developing regions. But what are the (2) _____________ effects of tourism? The Mediterranean is the (3) _____________ sea in the whole world. Most popular resorts are polluted: litter has become a (4) _____________ problem. A lot of ancient monuments are being destroyed by the (5) _____________ march of tourists. For example, the (6) _____________ ancient paintings at Lascaux in France were being slowly ruined by the breath from 200,000 visitors a year until they were closed to the public. Many of great European cities are now finding that their (7) _____________ centres are fast becoming occupied by tourists with clicking cameras and left by all local residents except for the souvenir sellers. So what’s the way out? No doubt tourism should be given a (8) _____________ direction. Governments should create programmes to support local residents and to protect (9) _____________ monuments. (10) _____________ groups should work together to assure that tourism can maintain long-term benefits.

ECONOMY

HARM

DIRT

GLOBE

END

VALUE

HISTORY

HUMANISM

CULTURE

ENVIRON

MENT

4.16. Прочитайте текст. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами.

There are lots of ways to prevent or fight obesity. Having a (1) _____________ diet and exercise doesn’t have to be hard, boring or (2) _____________ ‘Body of Fire’ is a (3) _____________ 12-week fitness program. You can do all the exercises at home. However, that doesn’t mean that they’re easy or (4) _____________. You need to be ready to make a real effort as they can be quite (5) _____________. Moreover, they will also be (6) and burn lots of calories. In addition to the workouts, you will get a (7) _____________ nutrition guide and meal plans to make sure you’re eating what you need to burn off (8) _____________ body fat. One of the biggest challenges of any fitness plan is to see it through. It’s very easy to stay (9) _____________ at first when you’re just starting out, but after a while you may find it hard to stick to a workout plan. Then you may begin to find excuses to miss workouts. This can prove to be (10) _____________ as you can quickly slide back to those habits that got you overweight or out of shape.

HEALTH

TASTE

PERSON

EFFORT

INTENSE

EFFECT

REASON

EXCESS

ENTHUSIAST

HARM





загрузка...
загрузка...