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АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК - Новый полный справочник для подготовки к ЕГЭ - 2018

Раздел ГРАММАТИКА И ЛЕКСИКА

Задания 19-25

ПРАКТИЧЕСКИЙ СПРАВОЧНИК ПО ГРАММАТИКЕ

Условные предложения. Сослагательное наклонение

Типы условных предложений

Тип

Употребление

Придаточное предложение

Главное предложение

Нулевой

общеизвестные истины

If + S + Present Simple

S + Present Simple

If you heat ice, it melts.

1-й

реальные условия и ситуации в будущем

If + S + Present Simple

S + will/can/may + V

If the weather is nice, I will go for a walk.

2-й

нереальные условия и ситуации в настоящем

If + S + Past Simple

S + would/could/might + V

If the weather was/were nice today, I would go for a walk.

3-й

нереальные условия и ситуации в прошлом

If + S + Past Perfect

S + would/could/ might + have + V3

If the weather had been nice yesterday, I would have gone for a walk.

Примечание

1) помимо союза if, в условных предложениях могут использоваться союзы: only if (только если), even if (даже если), unless (если не), as longas/provided/providing(только если/при условии), in case (в случае, если), on condition that (при условии, что), but for (если бы не), suppose/supposing (предположим, что);

2) в сослагательном наклонении форма were может употребляться со всеми местоимениями: If I were you, I would apologize.

8.1. Все типы условных предложений. Употребите правильную форму глагола в скобках.

1. If I (not borrow) the money, I wouldn’t have been able to buy the bike.

2. If he (not catch) the bus, he would have been late for work.

3. If she had known you needed the eggs for the cake, she (not use) them all.

4. She (win) the match if she hadn’t hurt her ankle.

5. If you (not put up) this shelf, you won’t have anywhere to put your books.

6. If she (change) her job, she would be a lot happier.

7. If I were you, I (tell) her how you feel.

8. If you continue to shout so loudly, you (wake up) the baby.

9. Even if she (ask) him, he wouldn’t have agreed to come.

10. Unless you (feel) better, you can go home.

11. If they (not threaten) her, she wouldn’t have left.

12. I (not trust) her if I were you.

13. If you’re patient for a few minutes, I (be) able to finish this.

14. Sales will increase provided that the advertising campaign (be) successful.

15. If she (spend) less on clothes, you would be able to save some money.

Конструкция I wish / If only

I wish /If only + S +

Past Simple

сожаление о ситуации в настоящем времени, которую мы хотели бы изменить

could + V

сожаление о невозможности сделать что-либо сейчас или в будущем

Past Perfect

сожаление о ситуации в прошлом

would + V

нереальное желание изменить ситуацию в будущем, часто с оттенком недовольства, критики

8.2. Сослагательное наклонение после I wish. Употребите правильную форму глагола в скобках.

1. The weather was cold while we were away. I wish it (be) warmer.

2. I am not very tall. I wish I (be) taller so that I could be in the basketball team.

3. I wish you (stop) watching television while I am talking to you.

4. It was a terrible film. I wish we (not go) to see it.

5. I wish Ann (be) here now. She’d be able to help us.

6. Yesterday I got very wet in the rain. I wish I (have) an umbrella.

7. I wish we (go) to the match next Saturday but we’re visiting my uncle instead.

8. I wish you (keep) your mouth shut yesterday. Now Mary knows everything.

9. It’s freezing today. I wish it (not be) so cold. I hate cold weather.

10. I feel sick. I wish I (not eat) so much cake yesterday.

11. I’m fed up with this rain. I wish it (stop) raining.

12. What I said was stupid. I wish I (not say) anything.

13. It’s very crowded here. I wish there (not be) so many people.

14. I was late yesterday. I wish I (take) a taxi.

15. I wish it (be) summer now.

8.3. Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова в скобках так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполнитепропуски полученными словами.

A Twist of Fate

Lots of people wish their lives (1) _________ (be) different. Personally, I don’t regret a single moment of my life. Moreover, I often wonder what (2) _________ (happen) to me if one day I (3) _________ (not miss) my morning bus. I (4) _________ (not meet) my future wife and we (5) _________ (not spend) the whole morning together. Of course I was awfully late for work and eventually got the sack. If I (6) _________ (not get) the sack, I (7) _________ (not change) my occupation. Perhaps, I (8) _________ (still/work) as an electrician for ‘Trenton Electric’ and (9) _________ (get) by on my low income. If I (10) _________ (not find) my love that day, I (11) _________ (not start) writing novels and I (12) _________ (not write) six best-sellers. Actually, I (13) _________ (not be) a famous writer and the happiest man in the world, if we (14) _________ (not be) together now. If only our happiness (15) _________ (last) forever!





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