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Английский язык - Я сдам ЕГЭ! - Учебное пособие для общеобразовательных организаций - 2018

Входное тестирование

Единый государственный экзамен по АНГЛИЙСКОМУ ЯЗЫКУ

ПИСЬМЕННАЯ ЧАСТЬ

типового варианта контрольных измерительных материалов единого государственного экзамена 2017 года по АНГЛИЙСКОМУ ЯЗЫКУ

Инструкция по выполнению работы

Сейчас вы будете выполнять задания письменной части типового варианта контрольных измерительных материалов.

Работа состоит из четырёх разделов: «Аудирование», «Чтение», «Грамматика и лексика», «Письмо».

Раздел 1 («Аудирование») содержит 9 заданий. Рекомендуемое время на выполнение заданий раздела 1 составляет 30 минут.

Раздел 2 («Чтение») содержит 9 заданий. Рекомендуемое время на выполнение заданий раздела 2 составляет 30 минут.

Раздел 3 («Грамматика и лексика») содержит 20 заданий. Рекомендуемое время на выполнение заданий раздела 3 составляет 40 минут.

Раздел 4 («Письмо») содержит 2 задания. Рекомендуемое время на выполнение заданий этого раздела работы составляет 80 минут.

На выполнение экзаменационной работы отводится 3 часа (180 минут).

Ответы к заданиям 3—9, 12—18 и 32—38 записываются по приведённому ниже образцу в виде одной цифры, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа. Эту цифру запишите в поле ответа в тексте работы, а затем перенесите в бланк ответов № 1.

Ответ: 2

Ответы к заданиям 1, 2, 10, 11 записываются по приведённому ниже образцу в виде последовательности цифр. Эту последовательность цифр запишите в поле ответа в тексте работы, а затем перенесите в бланк ответов № 1.

Ответ:

А

В

С

D

Е

F

5

2

4

1

7

3

Ответы к заданиям 19—31 записываются по приведённому ниже образцу в виде слова (нескольких слов). Ответ запишите в поле ответа в тексте работы, а затем перенесите в бланк ответов № 1.

Ответ: HASSURVIVED

Раздел 4 («Письмо») состоит из двух заданий (39 и 40) и представляет собой небольшую письменную работу (написание личного письма и письменного высказывания с элементами рассуждения). В бланке ответов № 2 укажите номер задания и запишите ответ к нему.

Раздел 1. Аудирование1

  1. Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящегоA—F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1—7. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.
  2. Agood reason makes sport meaningful.
  3. I prefer sport but school might be useful.
  4. I like to watch sports, not to do them.
  5. I just can’t make myself start doing it.
  6. It’s a pleasure to do many kinds of sport just for fun.
  7. Fitness is not my thing though I have a fitness expert close by.
  8. Life of an athlete is filled with training routines.

Ответ:

Говорящий

А

В

С

D

Е

F

Утверждение

  1. Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённых утвержденийA—G соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — True), какие не соответствуют (2 — False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — Not stated). Занесите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа в таблицу. Вы услышите запись дважды.
  2. Sally invited Bob to a concert with her.
  3. Sally believes all rock music is good.
  4. Bob doesn’t like jazz.
  5. Sally agrees to try to listen to some classical music.
  6. Bob often listens to classical music on his car radio.
  7. Bob is sure nothing will make him change his opinion about rock music.
  8. At the band’s last concert people were dressed in different kinds of clothes.

Ответ:

Утверждение

А

В

С

D

Е

F

G

Соответствие диалогу

Вы услышите интервью. В заданиях 3—9 обведите цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному вами варианту ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.

  1. Greg believes that his present professional success depends on ...

1) rich experience.

2) putting pressure on himself.

3) his happy family life.

  1. Speaking about his past Greg says that he ...

1) never experienced a failure.

2) was too busy achieving his goals.

3) was a good family man.

  1. What is said about Dina’s relations with Greg’s children from his previous marriage?

1) She tries to avoid meeting them.

2) She doesn’t know anything about them.

3) She is friendly with them.

  1. Describing his relations with his little daughter, Greg stresses that ...

1) she is brighter and more spiritual than his other children.

2) he now has the opportunity to give her enough attention and care.

3) it is quite difficult to raise a child at his age.

  1. In his youth, Greg had a dream to ...

1) act in westerns.

2) serve in the army.

3) play jazz.

  1. What does Greg say about his age?

1) It has no influence on his career.

2) It has affected his strength and energy.

3) It makes him think about stopping work.

  1. Which of the following may refer to one of the most important lessons of Greg’s life?

1) Anger helps to achieve a lot in life.

2) Life cannot be always perfect.

3) Plan your life and follow your ambitions.

По окончании выполнения заданий 1—9 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в бланк ответов № 1! При переносе ответов в заданиях 1 и 2 цифры записываются без пробелов и знаков препинания.

____________________________

1 Аудиозаписи высказываний и диалогов можно прослушать и скачать на сайте http://catalog.orosv.rn/item/17479. Задания раздела «Входное тестирование» — трек 02. Номера треков указаны в скобках после номера задания (например Т03, Т54).

Раздел 2. Чтение

  1. Установите соответствие между текстамиA—G и заголовками 1—8. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.
  2. When we don’t sleep
  3. Not only for humans
  4. How dreaming helps
  5. When we dream
  6. Why dreams can be scary
  7. What we feel dreaming
  8. How we forget dreams
  9. How we remember dreams
  10. Even though our dreams may feel like they last for hours and hours, we hardly spend more than two hours dreaming each night, which means a person spends a total of nearly six years dreaming throughout a lifetime. In general there are four phases of the sleep cycle and all dreaming occurs practically at the final phase. Each of these sleep cycles lasts approximately 60 to 90 minutes and may repeat several times throughout the night.
  11. Anxiety is the most popular emotion experienced in dreams. Many people dream of falling, which is often connected to something in our lives that is going in the wrong direction. In addition, dreams of being chased are very common and are linked to avoidance. Also people report dreams about their teeth falling out, which is related to the words and communication we might have in real life.
  12. Dreaming helps people make sense of the information and events that occur in their lives. Dreams play an important role in processing and remembering information that we absorb daily. Also, they help reduce stress and even solve problems. It’s very possible to work through real-life problems while dreaming at night. In addition, dreams provide a lot of important content and meaning that can be used to inspire and direct our lives during the day.
  13. Nearly 5 to 10% of adults have nightmares. There are several reasons for it, for example, when people start taking certain medications or when they withdraw from drugs. Some physical conditions, such as stress or illness, can also be a trigger. However, in some cases adults may have frequent nightmares that are unrelated to their everyday lives, which may signify that they are more creative, sensitive, and emotional than the average person.
  14. There is no person who does not have dreams, but not everybody recalls them. The most vivid dreams happen during the Rapid Eye Movement sleep stage when the brain is extremely active and the eyes move back and forth quickly underneath the eyelids. Although dream recall varies from person to person, some people have little or no recollection of the content, and around 90% of dreams are gone following the first 10 minutes of waking up.
  15. Scientists have found that animals also dream and their subconscious thoughts are connected to real experiences. Animals’ dreams are complex, containing long sequences of events. Animals’ brains share the same series of sleeping states as the brain of human beings. Analyzing animals’ dreams and the content of their dreams may help scientists treat memory disorders and develop new ways for people to learn and retain information more effectively.
  16. Only five minutes after the end of a dream and half of the content is likely to vanish from our memories. It’s not that dreams aren’t important enough to keep in mind, but other things tend to get in the way. Dream researcher L. Strumpell believes that dreams disappear from our memories for a number of factors. For example, we may not recall dream images that lack intensity, association or repetition, which are usually needed for dream recall.

Ответ:

A

В

C

D

E

F

  1. Прочитайте текст и заполните пропускиA—F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1—7. Одна из частей в списке 1—7 лишняя. Занесите цифры, обозначающие соответствующие части предложений, в таблицу.

Promoting language learning

The European Union (EU) is committed to supporting the rights of its citizens to personal and professional mobility, and their ability to communicate with each other. It does so by A ___________________ to promote the teaching and learning of European languages. These programmes have at least one thing in common: they cover cross- border projects involving partners from two, and often three or more, EU countries.

The EU programmes are designed to complement the national education policies of member countries. Each government is responsible for its own national education policy, В ___________________. What the EU programmes do is to create links between countries and regions via joint projects, C ___________________.

Since 2007 the main programmes have been put under the overall umbrella of the EU’s lifelong learning programme. All languages are eligible for support under this programme: official languages, regional, minority and migrant languages, D ___________________. There are national information centres in each country, E ___________________.

The cultural programmes of the EU also promote linguistic and cultural diversity in a number of ways. The “Media” programme funds the dubbing and subtitling of European films for F ___________________. The “Culture” programme builds cross-cultural bridges by supporting the translation of modern authors into other EU languages.

  1. and the languages of the EU’s major trading partners
  2. which includes language teaching and learning
  3. cinemas and television in other EU countries
  4. which enhance the impact of language teaching and learning
  5. funding a number of educational programmes
  6. and encouraging people to learn new languages
  7. where details about the application procedures are given

Ответ:

A

В

C

D

E

F

Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 12—18. В каждом задании запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному вами варианту ответа.

Space could solve water problems

Have you ever tasted salt water? I guess you have and if so, you will agree with me that it’s not very refreshing. In fact, drinking more than a few cups worth can kill you.

According to the United States Geological Survey, whose mission is to collect and disseminate reliable, impartial, and timely information that is needed to understand the nation’s water resources, about ninety-seven percent of the water on our planet is salt water; the rest is stored in lakes, rivers, glaciers and aquifers underground. Moreover, only about one-third of the world’s potential fresh water can be used for human needs. As pollution increases, the amount of usable water decreases.

Water is the most precious and taken-for-granted resource we have on Earth. It is also one of the most threatened resources. Increased population and possible climate change will put more and more strain on supplies of this vital resource as time goes on. What could we do in this situation? Though it may seem like science fiction, the solution could lie in outer space.

I’m not saying we’re going to be teleporting to a spring on the other side of the galaxy or colonizing another planet just to have longer showers — it’s much more mundane than that. What we could achieve realistically in this century is the successful use of the solar system’s rare metals and water, barring the invention of the matrix.

You may be surprised to learn that the metal in your keys, coins, cell phone, computer, car and everywhere else, originally came to this planet from space. When Earth formed, the heavy metals sank to the center and formed a solid core. The lighter elements formed the mantle and the crust we live on. Asteroids and comets that struck the Earth brought water and metals to the surface.

There are thousands of asteroids orbiting near Earth. Most asteroids are made of rock, but some are composed of metal, mostly nickel and iron. Probes could be sent out to these to identify useful ones. Then larger probes could push them towards the Earth where they can be handled in orbit.

In order to fuel ships and probes, we simply need to find a source of water, such as a comet or the surface of the moon. We collect the water and pass an electric current through it from a solar panel. The water separates into oxygen and hydrogen, which in liquid form is a powerful rocket fuel.

Is this really possible? We may soon find out. Private company SpaceX has already started delivering equipment to the International Space Station (ISS).

The ISS is proof that countries once at each other’s throats, like America and Russia, can work together and pull off multi-billion dollar projects.

Recently, a company called Planetary Resources Inc. made the news for getting big names like Google and Microsoft to invest in exploring asteroids for material gain. Although it will take many decades, it is wise to put the gears in motion now.

We’ve already landed probes on the surface of asteroids and taken samples from them. We can put something as large as the ISS, which weighs just short of 500 tons, according to National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), in orbit.

We can make a half-million-mile round-trip to get rocks from the moon. We can do all of these things already. They just need to be applied and developed in a smart way.

  1. What problem is raised in the article?

1) Cooperation in space.

2) Threats of climate change.

3) Danger of drinking salt water.

4) Lack of water supplies on Earth.

Ответ: [ ]

  1. According to the author, the information published in the US Geological Survey is meant to ...

1) assure the nation that there is still enough of usable water.

2) help to monitor the state of the country’s water resources.

3) demonstrate the quality of water the nation uses.

4) warn the public about the dangers of water pollution.

Ответ: [ ]

  1. The author thinks that outer space ...

1) is dangerous because of asteroids.

2) is a source of important supplies.

3) is not studied properly.

4) should be colonized.

Ответ: [ ]

  1. According to the author, the space water sources may be used for ...

1) fuel production.

2) water supplies for spaceships.

3) moon exploration.

4) the production of electricity.

Ответ: [ ]

  1. The Google and Microsoft (paragraph 9) are mentioned to ...

1) explain how Planetary Resources Inc. became famous.

2) prove that asteroids can be commercially attractive.

3) show that space research is important for computer science.

4) prove that asteroids can interfere with the Internet.

Ответ: [ ]

  1. The expression “put the gears in motion” in “... it is wise to put the gears in motion now” (paragraph 9) means ...

1) “to explore”

2) “to begin”.

3) “to move”.

4) “to invest”.

Ответ: [ ]

  1. What idea is stressed in the last two paragraphs?

1) There is room for further achievements in space exploration.

2) Asteroids are unique objects for scientific research.

3) Only smart administration can manage space programs.

4) International Space Station is the heaviest object in space.

Ответ: [ ]

Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика

Прочитайте приведённые ниже тексты. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 19—25, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текстов. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 19—25.

19-21

Strange but true

Everybody knows Walt Disney, a person who invented many cartoon characters such as Donald Duck and Pluto. But it’s Mickey Mouse which _____________ by children all over the world.

Millions of kids worldwide _____________ this cartoon since it was made.

However, few people know about the following fact. The funny thing is that Walt Disney, its creator, had a strong phobia — he was very much afraid of _____________!

LOVE

SEE

MOUSE

22-25

Not quite a musician

Albert Einstein, the famous scientist, liked to play the violin very much. Once he found himself in the company with Hans Eisler, a composer and a pianist. They met for the _____________ time.

Everybody began asking _____________ to play together, so they agreed.

Einstein tuned in his violin but every time Eisler started a musical piece, Einstein _____________ get it right.

After several attempts Eisler _____________ up from the piano and said: “I don’t understand why the whole world thinks this is a great scientist! He isn’t able to count to three!”

ONE

THEY

NOT CAN

STAND

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Образуйте от слов, напечатанных заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 26—31, однокоренные слова так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 26—31.

26-31

Bath

“Bath is the finest place on earth for you may enjoy it without getting tired.” These are the words of the 18th-century _____________ James Boswell upon his first visit to the place.

He was right, of course. This is a _____________ glorious Georgian city with its well-preserved Roman remains and famous baths.

Bath is one of the easiest cities to explore with a compact centre of broad main streets lined with numerous historic _____________ and pretty shops.

Everything you could want to see is within walking distance but you can spend several days in Bath each day doing something different and something _____________.

Don’t forget that nearby is the ancient and _____________ Stonehenge, a circle of enormous rocks on the edge of the Salisbury Plain.

Perhaps Bath and its surroundings have some greatest sights in Britain. A trip to this city or in any _____________ from it will lead you to a wonderful day.

TRAVEL

TRUE

BUILD

EXCITE

MYSTERY

DIRECT

Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 32—38. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям 32—38, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному вами варианту ответа.

The dream bridge

This is a real life story of engineer John Roebling building the Brooklyn Bridge in New York, USA back in 1870. The bridge was completed in 1883, after 13 years.

In 1869, a creative engineer named John Roebling was 32 _________ by an idea to build a spectacular bridge connecting New York with the Long Island. 33 _________, bridge building experts throughout the world thought that this was an impossible task. They 34 _________ Roebling to forget the idea, as it just could not be done and it was not practical. It had never been done before.

Roebling could not ignore the vision he had in his mind of this bridge. He thought about it all the time and he knew 35 _________ in his heart that it could be done. He just had to 36 _________ the dream with someone else. After much discussion and persuasion he 37 _________ to convince his son Washington, an up and coming engineer, that the bridge in fact could be constructed.

Roebling had never had any projects with his son before. Working together 38 _________ the first time, the father and son developed concepts of how it could be accomplished and how the obstacles could be overcome. With great excitement and enthusiasm, and the headiness of a wild challenge before them, they hired their crew and began to build their dream bridge.

  1. 1) inclined

2) involved

3) included

4) inspired

Ответ: [ ]

  1. 1) However

2) Although

3) Moreover

4) Therefore

Ответ: [ ]

  1. 1) talked

2) told

3) said

4) spoke

Ответ: [ ]

  1. 1)deep

2) far

3) full

4) long

Ответ: [ ]

  1. 1) join

2) unite

3) share

4) divide

Ответ: [ ]

  1. 1) succeeded

2) handled

3) maintained

4) managed

Ответ: [ ]

  1. 1) in

2) on

3) at

4) for

Ответ: [ ]

Раздел 4. Письмо

  1. You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen-friend Nancy who writes:

... I know you've just moved to a new house. How do you like it there? How do you get to your school now? Why did you decide to move?

just imagine l won the city contest in Geography last week ...

Write a letter to Nancy.

In your letter:

— answer her questions;

— ask 3 questions about the city contest in Geography.

Write 100—140 words.

Remember the rules of letter writing.

  1. Comment on the following statement.

Everybody would like to work from home.

What is your opinion? Do you agree with this statement?

Write 200—250 words.

Use the following plan:

— make an introduction (state the problem);

— express your personal opinion and give 2—3 reasons for your opinion;

— express an opposing opinion and give 1—2 reasons for this opposing opinion;

— explain why you don’t agree with the opposing opinion;

— make a conclusion restating your position.





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