АУДИОКУРС - ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ

Английский язык книга для учителя 4 класс - И. Н. Верещагина - 2016 год

АУДИОКУРС - ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ

PART 1

I четверть

Lesson 1

No. 1. a) Exercise 6. Listen to the song “What’s the Weather Like Today?”.

What’s the Weather Like Today?

Spring, Summer, Autumn and Winter. (4 times)

What’s the weather like today?

Is it sunny?

What’s the weather like today?

Is it rainy?

What’s the weather like today?

It’s quite funny

How it’s changing.

What’s the weather like today?

Is it snowing?

What’s the weather like today?

Is it clearing?

What’s the weather like today?

Is it going to be

Really very nice indeed?

Shining sun,

And sparkling sea,

Warm and dry, with just a breeze

Among the trees... breeze.

Spring, Summer, Autumn and Winter. (4 times)

Yesterday the wind was blowing.

Is today going to be fine?

Spring, Summer, Autumn and Winter. (4 times)

b) Read after the speaker.

c) Sing with us.

d) Sing to the music.

Lesson 4

No. 2. a) Exercise 6. Listen to the song “I Like Food”.

I Like Food

I. I like food, I like eating lots and lots of food. (2 times)

Bread and jam, and meat, and fish,

Cakes and biscuits too.

Beans and mustard, eggs and chips,

Mutton steaks, potatoes, peas,

And salted mushrooms too.

II. I like food, I like eating lots and lots of food. (2 times)

Cabbage, tomatoes, lettuce leaves,

Chocolate and cheese,

Toast and butter, soup and spices,

Onions, cereal, cucumber slices,

Marrows, pumpkins, beets.

Don’t forget I also like drinking, when I eat:

Coffee, tea and water soda,

Fruity lemonade, Coca-Cola,

Sugar makes them sweet.

I like food, I like eating lots and lots of food. (2 times)

Some more, please.

b) Read after the speaker.

c) Sing with us.

d) Sing to the music.

Lesson 5

No. 3. Exercise 4. Listen and answer the questions.

Part I. What animats are usually the most favourite pets?

People keep animals as pets in all countries: in India and England, in America, in Canada and Russia. These animals often become the most favourite members of the family. Pets get names. People look after them, teach them different tricks, buy them tasty food, toys, presents and even clothes.

The most favourite pets in all countries are kittens and cats, puppies and dogs. But many people keep parrots and other birds at home. Sometimes they have got hamsters and tortoises, monkeys and snakes, frogs and fishes as pets. Some people have more than one pet, and some people don’t have any pets at all, as tastes differ.

Part II. Do people sometimes keep wild animals as pets? Why?

From books and films we learn that little wolves, lions, bears, crocodiles and other wild animals can become pets too. People sometimes find little animals in the forests, fields, mountains and other places. The cubs have no mothers to take care of them and they can’t live without any help. People often take them home and look after them. They try to help. It is not always easy to do so because many people do not know how to feed cubs or how to take care of them.

Wild animals are to go back to the places where they lived when they grow up. Sometimes people give them to the zoos or circuses where they become actors.

Lesson 6

No. 4. Exercise 4. Listen to what Evelyn did on the 25th of December and say:

— what holiday she celebrated that day;

— what present she got.

On the 25 th of December we got up early. It was still dark. I ran to my mother and looked under the Christmas tree. Santa Claus with his bag was not there but his presents were. They were under the Christmas tree in coloured boxes. I opened my present — a beautiful doll with large blue eyes. She wore a white dress. I also got a book.

Late in the afternoon we had a traditional dinner of turkey with vegetables and salads. We also had biscuits and fruit. During the day we watched Christmas TV and played with our new toys.

Lesson 7

No. 5. a) Exercise 6. Listen to the song “The Bear Went over the Mountain”.

The Bear Went over the Mountain

The bear went over the mountain,

The bear went over the mountain,

The bear went over the mountain

To see what he could see!

And all that he could see

Was the other side of the mountain,

The other side of the mountain,

The other side of the mountain,

Was all that he could see.

b) Read after the speaker.

c) Sing with us.

d) Sing to the music.

Lesson 8

No. 6. a) Exercise 6. Listen to the song “Mulberry Bush”.

Mulberry Bush

Here we go round the mulberry bush,

The mulberry bush, the mulberry bush.

Here we go round the mulberry bush

On a cold and frosty morning.

This is the way we wash our hands,

Wash our hands, wash our hands.

This is the way we wash our hands

On a cold and frosty morning.

This is the way we clean our teeth,

Clean our teeth, clean our teeth.

This is the way we clean our teeth

On a cold and frosty morning.

This is the way we comb our hair,

Comb our hair, comb our hair.

This is the way we comb our hair

On a cold and frosty morning.

This is the way we clean our shoes,

Clean our shoes, clean our shoes.

This is the way we clean our shoes

On a cold and frosty morning.

This is the way we run to school,

Run to school, run to school.

This is the way we run to school

On a cold and frosty morning.

This is the way we walk in the park,

Walk in the park, walk in the park.

This is the way we walk in the park

On a cold and frosty morning.

b) Read after the speaker.

c) Sing with us.

d) Sing to the music.

Lesson 9

No. 7. Exercise 1. Learn how to pronounce and use the new words. Listen and repeat.

Sunday, Monday, on Sunday, last Monday, next Sunday, this Monday, every Sunday. On Sundays we don’t go to school. In Russia Monday is the first day of the week, in Great Britain it is Sunday.

Tuesday, on Tuesday, next Tuesday. Tuesday comes after Monday. Where do you usually go on Tuesday?

Wednesday, on Wednesday. Last Wednesday my mum had a birthday party. Do you play tennis every Wednesday?

Thursday, on Thursday, this Thursday. Does Granny usually cook anything tasty on Thursday?

Friday, on Friday. Last Friday we went to the pet shop. Next Friday I’ll go to the swimming pool.

meet — met, meet friends. It’s nice to meet you. When shall we meet? We met last Friday.

laugh — laughed, to laugh at good jokes. Never laugh at old people. I wonder what he is laughing at.

No. 8. a) Exercise 9. Listen to the song “We Met on Sunday”. Part I.

We Met on Sunday

I. We met on Sunday, the first of July.

We talked on Monday, the second of July.

On Sunday we met and on Monday we talked,

That was the second of July.

We smiled on Tuesday, the third of July.

On Sunday we met and on Monday we talked.

On Tuesday we smiled, on the third of July.

We laughed on Wednesday, the fourth of July.

On Sunday we met and on Monday we talked,

On Tuesday we smiled and on Wednesday we laughed,

On the fourth of July.

b) Read after the speaker.

c) Sing with us.

d) Sing to the music.

Lesson 10

No. 9. Exercise 5. Learn how to pronounce and use the new words. Listen and repeat.

class — classes, in class, after classes, before classes. When does the Russian class begin? Do you always speak English in class? After classes I often go shopping.

comfortable, a comfortable chair, comfortable shoes. Is your room comfortable? I don’t think my new boots are very comfortable.

uniform — uniforms, a brown uniform, a dark blue uniform. They all wear uniforms at their school. Do all pupils wear uniforms in class?

P. E., Physical Education. I have P. E. on Thursday and on Monday. What do you do in your P. E. class? What’s your P. E. uniform like?

Handicraft. — When do you have Handicraft? — I have Handicraft on Tuesday and Friday. Do you always wear uniforms in your Handicraft classes? Who is your Handicraft teacher?

exercise book — exercise books. Susan has got a big exercise book for Handicraft. There are many exercise books in my bag.

museum — museums, to go to the museum. Are there many different museums in London? We shall meet at the museum at 4.

pencil — pencils, coloured pencils, draw in pencil. He’s got many coloured pencils in the box. He can draw in pencil very well.

No. 10. Exercise 6. Listen to the questions and answer them.

1. When do you have P. E.? Do you like your P. E. classes? What do you do in P. E. class? Do you wear a uniform when you have P. E.? What is it like? Are you comfortable in it or not? Do all boys and girls wear uniforms when they have P. E.?

2. When do you have Handicraft? What do you do when you have it? Do you write in your exercise books when you have Handicraft? Do you go to museums with your teacher of Handicraft?

No. 11. a) Exercise 11. Listen to the dialogue.

George: What are you doing this Friday?

Alan: I don’t know yet. Why?

George: You see, we are having a test on Saturday. Can you help me with my English?

Alan: Of course I can. When shall I come?

George: Can you meet me after classes?

Alan: OK. Two o’clock then. See you later. Bye.

George: Bye and thanks a lot.

b) Read the dialogue after the speakers.

Lesson 11

No. 12. Exercise 4. Learn how to pronounce and use the new words. Listen and repeat.

half — halves, the first half of the day, half a cake, half an apple. Give me half a carrot, please.

past, past two, at half past five. It’s half past four. After classes at half past two I go to the swimming pool.

desk — desks, to sit (to be) at the desk. There are twelve desks in the room. Is your desk comfortable?

classroom — classrooms. — What is there in your classroom? — There are some desks, chairs and the teacher’s table in it.

lesson — lessons, a difficult lesson, at/in the lesson. How many lessons have you got on Monday? Do you like your English lessons?

never. We never have lessons on Sunday. She never gets up at 5. They never go to school at night.

timetable, school timetable, in the timetable. Do you know where our timetable is? Look at the timetable. We have P. E. and History in the timetable today.

Maths, Maths exercises, our Maths teacher, problems with Maths. Does your brother have Maths on Tuesday? Have you got any problems with Maths?

Art, Art museum, Art exercises, your Art teacher. Have you got Art today? We’ve got Art on Thursday and Friday.

Music, Music exercises, Music class, a Music teacher. I like music very much. Have you got Music on Thursday?

study — studied. When you study, you begin to know a lot. He likes to have Nature Study classes. Did you have Nature Study on Thursday? Who is your Nature Study teacher?

No. 13. a) Exercise 9. Listen to the song “We Met on Sunday”. Part II.

We Met on Sunday

II. We danced on Thursday, the fifth of July.

On Sunday we met and on Monday we talked.

On Tuesday we smiled and on Wednesday we laughed.

On Thursday we danced, on the fifth of July.

We cried on Friday, the sixth of July.

On Sunday we met and on Monday we talked.

On Tuesday we smiled and on Wednesday we laughed.

On Thursday we danced and on Friday we cried,

On the sixth of July.

We parted on Saturday, the seventh of July,

On Sunday we met and on Monday we talked.

On Tuesday we smiled and on Wednesday we laughed.

On Thursday we danced and on Friday we cried.

But on Saturday we parted and we said: “Goodbye.” “Goodbye.”

b) Read after the speaker.

c) Sing with us.

d) Sing to the music.

Lesson 12

No. 14. Exercise 4. Learn how to pronounce and use the new words. Listen and repeat.

blackboard — blackboards, on the blackboard, at the blackboard. Is there an English word on the blackboard? Mary is at the blackboard.

bookcase — bookcases, in the bookcase.— What is there in the bookcase? — There are a lot of books in it.

window — windows, an open window, to look out of the window. How many windows are there in the classroom?

door — doors, a white door, at the door, to open the door. What colour is the door in your classroom?

floor — floors, on the floor. What is there on the floor? What colour is the floor in your classroom?

wall — walls, on the wall. The bookcase is at the wall. Are the walls yellow?

picture — pictures, a beautiful picture, in the picture. What can you see in the picture? There are three pictures on the wall.

late, to be late for school, to be late for classes. Don’t be late again! She is never late for school. I’m sorry, I’m late. It’s never too late to learn.

Lesson 13

No. 15. Exercise 5. Learn how to pronounce and use the new words. Listen and repeat.

leave — left, to leave the house, to leave Moscow for London, to leave for New York.— When did he leave for Canada? — He left for Canada on Wednesday.

join — joined, to join the group. We are going to the museum. Join us. Will you join us for a walk?

sing — sang, to sing to the music. I like to sing very much. Shall I sing to you? Let’s begin to sing.

song — songs. I know many Russian songs. We often meet and sing English songs. Enjoy the song!

yet. He doesn’t know English yet. She is not nine yet. We haven’t got this book yet. I’m ill, I can’t go to school yet.

count — counted. Count from 1 to 20. The boy can’t count well yet. The children can count quickly. Shall I count the apples?

poor, poor people, a poor family. I don’t think they are poor. His English is poor. They are not poor, are they?

work — worked, to work well, to work at school. When do you begin to work? Work, to do a lot of work about the house. This work is not interesting work. Have you got any extra work to do? His work is the best, isn’t it?

luck, good luck. We are having a test on Thursday.— Oh, good luck!

By the way. Do you live far away from school, by the way? By the way we haven’t got any bread for breakfast.

No. 16. Exercise 6. Listen and answer the questions.

1. When do you usually leave the house? When did you leave the house yesterday?

2. Will you join me after classes? Where shall we meet?

3. What is your favourite song?

4. Do you often sing before classes? Do you often sing after classes?

5. You often count in class, don’t you?

6. Where did you work when you helped your parents?

7. Did you have much extra work to do last week?

8. Was your answer in English good or bad?

No. 17. a) Exercise 11. Listen to the poem “Meet Me in the Morning”.

Meet Me in the Morning

Meet me in the morning.

Meet me at noon.

Meet me in September,

Or the middle of June.

Meet me at midnight.

Meet me in the hall.

Meet me in the summer.

Meet me in the fall.

Meet me in the evening.

Meet me at eight.

I’ll meet you any time you want,

But, please, don’t be late.

b) Read the poem after the speaker and learn it.

Lesson 14

No. 18. Exercise 5. Learn how to pronounce and use the new words. Listen and repeat.

age, school age, at the age of eight, people of all ages. In Russia children begin to go to school at the age of six. In Great Britain pupils usually leave school at the age of sixteen.

pen — pens. There are many pens and pencils on my desk. Count your pens, please.

rubber — rubbers, a pencil with a rubber. Give me the rubber, please. Do you like my new blue rubber?

ruler — rulers. Your ruler is longer than my ruler. Can you give me a ruler, please?

carpet — carpets, a beautiful carpet. Shall I put the carpet on the floor? Your carpet makes the classroom comfortable.

outdoors (out-of-doors). I like to play different games outdoors. In hot countries you can sleep outdoors.

difficult, a difficult book, a difficult class. I don’t think it is difficult to help about the house now.

easy, easy work, an easy poem. Our life is not always easy, it is sometimes very difficult. It is not always easy to count.

No. 19. Exercise 10. a) Listen to the poem “When the Sun Is in the Sky”.

When the Sun Is in the Sky

I get up and open my eyes,

I wash, put on my dress and a pair

Of shoes and all the things I wear.

Then walking off to school I go

To learn the things that I must know.

b) Read the poem after the speaker and learn it.

Lesson 15

No. 20. Exercise 5. Learn how to pronounce and use the new words. Listen and repeat.

spend — spent, to spend money on books, to spend time on the sports ground. Where did you spend last Sunday? How do you spend your holidays?

subject — subjects, an interesting subject. What is your favourite subject at school? What is the most difficult subject for you?

to get on (with sb). Children learn how to get on with their friends at school. How are you getting on? They don’t get on very well. He is easy to get on with.

to be over. The film is over. The lesson is not over yet. School is over. When will the holidays be over?

famous, famous doctors, famous pilots, a famous school, to be famous for sth. London is famous for its museums.— What is he famous for? — He is famous for his book.

important, an important subject, important problems. This work will be very important. It is important not to be late for classes.

learn — learnt, to learn by heart, to learn well, to learn English, to learn to play chess. It’s never too late to learn.— Shall we learn it by heart? — Yes, please.

Listening Comprehension Lesson

No. 21. Listen to the text “Better Late Than Never” and try to understand it.

Better Late Than Never

One Wednesday morning Finy Fox and Shiny Fox, the two little brothers, were walking to school. They walked slowly for 10 minutes, then Shiny said, “Be quick or we shall be late for school! It is half past eight!” But Finy said, “I don’t want to go to school today. We are already late. We can have so much fun in the forest. Our mother thinks we are at school, so we can play in the forest. We can go home when we hear the boys coming home from school.” Shiny said this was a good idea.

So the foxes ran to the river. What a good time they had! They laughed a lot, they swam in the river, they danced with little bears and sang songs with the birds. They got on well with all the different animals who lived in the forest. The foxes didn’t think at all about their classroom, their desks, pens, pencils, their books and their lessons. Wednesday was their longest school day — they had Maths, English, Handicraft, Art and Nature Study on their timetable. All the subjects were very important. But the foxes didn’t want to write on the blackboard or in their exercise books. They didn’t want to study, to learn to count and to read. They didn’t want to work. They wanted to play outdoors.

II четверть

Lesson 17

No. 22. Exercise 5. Learn how to pronounce and use the new words. Listen and repeat.

house — houses, a big house, a comfortable house. There are a lot of new houses in our street. What colour is your house?

kitchen — kitchens, a nice kitchen. There is a little kitchen in the place where I live. Is there any brown bread in the kitchen?

bathroom — bathrooms, a warm bathroom. There are two bathrooms in their house. What colour are the walls in your bathroom?

rather, rather well, rather important. It’s rather difficult to learn it by heart. The text is rather easy. Which would you rather have, tea or coffee? — Would you like to join us? — Rather.

toilet — toilets, a little toilet, a clean toilet. Have you got a warm toilet in your country house?

flower — flowers, a beautiful flower. Where shall I put the flowers? I want to buy some flowers as a birthday present.

front, in front of, in front of the house, in front of the museum. What is there in front of the teacher’s table?

behind, behind the house, behind the door. Are there any fruit trees behind your school? What is there behind your new house?

No. 23. a) Exercise 12. Listen to the dialogue.

Nancy: Do you live near London?

Fred: Yes, I do. In a small house.

Nancy: Is your house comfortable?

Fred: Rather. It’s small but nice with a large kitchen and a bathroom.

Nancy: Do you like your house?

Fred: Oh, it’s great. It’s not far from London. I like it very much. There are a lot of beautiful flowers in front of my house and there are three old apple trees behind it. Come and see me some day. You are always welcome!

b) Read the dialogue after the speakers.

Lesson 18

No. 24. Exercise 5. Learn how to pronounce and use the new words. Listen and repeat.

living room — living rooms, a comfortable living room. We haven’t got a large living room in our house.

bedroom — bedrooms, a small bedroom. How many bedrooms are there in your house?

hall — halls, in the hall. I left my bag in the hall. What is there in the hall? back, a back door, to come back, to give back. Is there a back door in your house? When will she give my book back? We never come back late. My bedroom is at the back of the house.

car — cars, to go by car. Have you got a car? — Did you walk there or did you go by car? — I went there by car.

shout — shouted, to shout at somebody. Who are you shouting at? Why are you shouting? Never shout at little children and animals.

key — keys, a house key, a car key, the keys to my room. — Where are the keys? — They are in the hall.

lock — locked. She always locks the door when she leaves the house. The front door is locked, isn’t it?

No. 25. Exercise 7. Listen to the text about Pete’s house and answer the questions after it.

Pete lives in a house in the country. His house is not very big. There are four rooms in his house: a bedroom, a living room, a bathroom and a kitchen. There is also a hall and a toilet in Pete’s house. When Pete leaves the house, he locks the door with the key. Pete goes into town by car. When he comes back, he always leaves the car behind the house.

Questions:

1. How many rooms has Pete got? What are they?

2. Does Pete lock the house or does he leave the door open?

3. How does Pete lock the house?

4. Where does he leave the car?

No. 26. a) Exercise 12. Listen to the dialogue.

Anna: Who has the keys?

Bob: What keys?

Anna: My keys. Where are they?

Bob: I thought you had them.

Anna: Oh no. I gave them to you.

Bob: I’m afraid you’re wrong. I don’t have your keys.

Anna: Oh dear, oh dear! Where can they be?

Bob: Anna! Look over there! Here they are! On the table, just under your bag.

b) Read the dialogue after the speakers.

Lesson 19

No. 27. Exercise 5. Learn how to pronounce and use the new words. Listen and repeat.

flat — flats, a rather large flat, a comfortable flat. Is there a kitchen in your flat? I can’t open the front door of my flat as I have no keys.

dining room — dining rooms. There is no dining room in my flat. Is there a large table in your dining room?

upstairs, to go upstairs, to live upstairs. There are two bedrooms upstairs. What rooms are there upstairs?

downstairs, to go downstairs, to be downstairs. Ann is downstairs in the dining room. Please go downstairs.

sofa — sofas, a comfortable sofa, a bright sofa. What colour is the sofa in your living room? What is there behind the sofa?

armchair — armchairs, in the armchair.— Are there any armchairs in the hall? — No, there aren’t any.

fireplace (fire) — fireplaces. There is often a fireplace in an English house. There are two armchairs in front of the fireplace.

No. 28. a) Exercise 11. Listen to the dialogue.

Kitty: Where do you live?

David: Near Hyde Park.

Kitty: In a flat or in a house?

David: In a flat. Houses are terribly expensive.

Kitty: What is your flat like?

David: It’s small but comfortable and it’s near my school.

b) Read the dialogue after the speakers.

Lesson 20

No. 29. Exercise 4. Learn how to pronounce and use the new words. Listen and repeat.

lovely, a lovely girl, lovely children. It was lovely of you to invite me here. The weather is lovely today, isn’t it?

wonderful, a wonderful place, a wonderful flower. Last month we went to London and had a wonderful day there.

furniture, old furniture, comfortable furniture. There is a lot of furniture in the living room. There was no furniture in the house. Is the furniture expensive?

curtain — curtains, curtains on the windows, to draw the curtains. There are no curtains on the windows in my flat yet.

corner — corners, in the corner, in the corner of the hall. We’ve got a TV set in the corner of the room.

middle, in the middle, in the middle of the room, in the middle of the day, in the middle of the summer. There is a lovely carpet in the middle of the hall.

mirror — mirrors, a magic mirror, a small mirror. Is there a mirror in the room? What is there behind the mirror?

quiet, a quiet street, a quiet evening. They would like to live a quiet life in the country. Be quiet, Ben, stop shouting, please! I like to spend a quiet evening at home.

No. 30. a) Exercise 13. Listen to the dialogue.

Mum: Let’s have lunch, Pete. Are you hungry?

Pete: Yes, I am. Shall I set the table in the kitchen or in the dining room?

Mum: Let’s eat in the kitchen. I’m in a hurry. What are you going to have?

Pete: Some cold meat and salad, a sandwich and a glass of orange juice. What are you going to have?

Mum: Cold meat, salad, juice ... That sounds good. I think I’ll have the same.

b) Read the dialogue after the speakers.

Lesson 21

No. 31. Exercise 5. Learn how to pronounce and use the new words. Listen and repeat.

describe — described, to describe a picture, to describe a film. Please describe what you saw. Shall I describe my flat to you?

wardrobe — wardrobes, an old wardrobe. There are two wardrobes in my parents’ bedroom. Where is the wardrobe in your room?

next to, next to my school. Come and sit down next to me. What is there next to your house?

lamp — lamps, a street lamp, a standard lamp. There is a lamp next to the mirror. I’ve got a new standard lamp.

sink — sinks. There is a sink in my kitchen. I always wash cups and glasses in the sink.

garden — gardens. We’ve got a wonderful garden behind our house. There are different plants in her garden.

opposite, opposite the house, opposite the hotel. My room is opposite my parents’ bedroom. Our kitchen is opposite the bathroom. My school is opposite my house.

cooker — cookers. In my kitchen the cooker is next to the table. Where is the cooker in your kitchen?

No. 32. a) Exercise 10. Listen to the dialogue “New Flat”.

New Flat

Susan: Oh, Alice! I hear you’ve got a new flat. How do you like it?

Alice: Oh, I like it a lot. It’s nice. You’ll like it too.

Susan: How many rooms are there in your flat?

Alice: There are five. We’ve got a living room, two bedrooms, my granny’s room and a kitchen. Come and see me some day.

Susan: When’s the best time to come?

Alice: We’re usually at home after 6.

Susan: Are you sure it’s OK to come round 7?

Alice: Of course it is.

b) Read the dialogue after the speakers.

Lesson 22

No. 33. Exercise 4. Learn how to pronounce and use the new words. Listen and repeat.

happen — happened, to happen to somebody. It happened to my cousin last year. What happened to you yesterday?

study — studies. There is no study in my flat. Is your father’s study upstairs? suddenly. Suddenly I heard a song. Suddenly Mr Holmes saw a terrible face at the window.

cupboard — cupboards. Where is the cupboard? There are a lot of cups and glasses in the cupboard.

believe — believed. We believe him. I don’t believe you. Why can’t you believe my story? fridge, in the fridge, in front of the fridge. Is there much meat in the fridge? Are there any apples in the fridge?

understand — understood. She understands English. I understand you well. I can’t understand it.

No. 34. a) Exercise 9. Listen to the song “There’s a Room in My House”.

There’s a Room in My House

There’s a room in a house,

It’s a very fine room,

It’s a very fine room indeed. (4 times)

There’s a bed in a room,

In a room in my house,

It’s a very fine bed indeed. (4 times)

There’s a lamp by the bed

In a room in my house,

It’s a very fine lamp indeed. (4 times)

There’s a cupboard by the lamp,

By the bed in a room in my house,

It’s a very fine cupboard indeed. (4 times)

There’s a table by the cupboard,

By the lamp, by the bed

In a room in my house,

It’s a very fine table indeed. (4 times)

There’s a chair by the table,

By the cupboard, by the lamp,

By the bed in a room in my house,

It’s a very fine chair indeed. (4 times)

There’s a person on a chair,

By the table, by the cupboard,

By the lamp, by the bed

In a room in my house,

It’s a very fine person indeed. (3 times)

There’s a person on a chair

By the table, by the cupboard,

By the lamp, by the bed

In a room in my house,

That person on a chair is me.

b) Read after the speaker.

c) Sing with us.

d) Sing to the music.

Listening Comprehension Lesson

No. 35. Listen to the text “A Strange ‘Burglar’ in Big Mountains” and try to understand it.

A Strange “Burglar” in Big Mountains

Part I

The Jackson family lived in town, but at the end of November they were on the way to Big Mountains to spend Thanksgiving there. The family went to Big Mountains by car. There were four of them, Mr and Mrs Jackson and their children Larry and George. The brothers kept looking out of the window. It was easy to understand why the mountains were so beautiful. At last Father stopped the car. “Here we are!” he said.

There was a large house in front of them with a big chimney at the back wall. Behind the house on the left there was a small apple garden and on the right there were big trees! It was so quiet everywhere!

When Father gave the children the keys, they jumped out of the car, ran to the house to open the door and went in. There was a large living room and a kitchen downstairs. The living room was lovely. There was a big fireplace in the corner of the room and next to it on the left a large sofa with a standard lamp near it. On the right there was an armchair. There was a beautiful carpet in the middle of the room. The orange curtains made the living room comfortable.

The kitchen was small but nice with a fridge and a cupboard at the left wall and a sink and a cooker opposite them. There was a table and four chairs in the kitchen too.

The parents began to put the food in the fridge. The boys ran upstairs to the second floor. There were two small bedrooms with beds and wardrobes, a bathroom and a toilet there.

Lesson 24

No. 36. Exercise 1. Learn how to pronounce and use the new words. Listen and repeat.

town — towns, in town, out of town. There are a lot of small towns in the South of England. My grandfather doesn’t live in town.

city — cities, the city of London. There are many big cities in England.

square — squares, in Red Square, a quiet square. — Are there any squares in your city? — Oh, yes, a lot.

main, the main idea, the main street of a town. This is the main thing to remember. What’s the main idea of the book?

cinema — cinemas, at the cinema, to be on at the cinema. A cinema is a place where people can watch films. What is on at the “Mir” today? The “Mir” cinema is not far.

theatre — theatres, to go to the theatre. Is there a theatre near here? Do you know the Moscow theatres well?

church — churches, in the church, near the church. There were many people in the church when we came.— Is there a church in your town? — Yes, there is.

road — roads, a road in the country, to live in Main Road. Are the roads in your town very good? Where is the road to Boston?

No. 37. a) Exercise 6. Listen to the dialogue.

Andy: Excuse me. Could you help me?

Pete: Sure. What do you want?

Andy: Where is 42 Green Street, please?

Pete: Walk to the corner and then turn to the left.

Andy: To the corner and then to the left?

Pete: That’s right. And then walk two blocks to the traffic lights. And you are in Green Street.

Andy: Thank you.

b) Read the dialogue after the speakers.

Lesson 25

No. 38. a) Exercise 7. Listen to the dialogue.

Alice: Hi, Polly! I haven’t seen you for ages. How are you?

Polly: Hi, Alice! I’m fine and you?

Alice: Just fine. Where are you going?

Polly: To the cinema. Will you join me?

Alice: Oh, I’d love to, but I’m afraid I can’t. I haven’t seen my granny for ages. I must visit her today.

Polly: Oh, sorry. Goodbye then. See you tomorrow!

Alice: Bye-bye, Polly. Have fun!

b) Read the dialogue after the speakers.

Lesson 26

No. 39. Exercise 4. Learn how to pronounce and use the new words. Listen and repeat.

already. I have already cooked dinner. Nick has already played football.

just. Nick has just finished playing hockey. They have just started reading “Cinderella”.

ever. Have you ever cooked soup? Have you ever dressed your little brother? Have you ever seen it?

yet. Have you done it yet? She has not finished it yet.

build — built — built, to build a house, to build a road, to build a church.

building — buildings. There are a lot of new buildings in Moscow now.

bridge — bridges, to build a bridge. Are there any bridges over the Moskva River?

No. 40. a) Exercise 10. Listen to the poem “The Beaches of Mexico”. Part I.

The Beaches of Mexico

(After C. Graham)

I. Have you ever seen the beaches of Mexico?

Have you ever walked the streets of Paris?

Have you ever been to England?

Have you ever been to Spain?

Have you ever walked barefoot

In a heavy rain?

b) Read the poem after the speaker.

Lesson 27

No. 41. Exercise 6. Learn how to pronounce and use the new words. Listen and repeat.

century — centuries, two centuries ago, last century. People have built many new cities this century. Pushkin lived in the 19th century.

become — became — become, to become a teacher, to become old. I know my sister is going to become a singer. It is becoming late.

afraid, to be afraid of sb/sth. I’m not afraid of you. Don’t be afraid of dogs. I’m afraid we’re late.

wake up — woke up — woken up. When do you usually wake up? My granny woke up early yesterday. Your mother hasn’t woken up yet.

burn — burnt — burnt, to burn a cake. The fire is burning. We went to the river and saw a big fire burning there. “My house has burnt! Oh, my!” cried the old woman.

dirty, a dirty street, dirty clothes. Your hands are dirty. The city became dirtier and dirtier.

rich, a rich city, rich people. My uncle is very rich. Is England a rich country?

dark, a dark night, in the dark sky, dark green. It is getting dark, isn’t it? It has already become dark.

No. 42. a) Exercise 11. Listen to the poem “The Beaches of Mexico”. Part II.

The Beaches of Mexico

II. Have you ever been in trouble?

Have you ever been in pain?

Have you ever been in love?

Would you like to do it all again?

b) Read the poem after the speaker.

Lesson 28

No. 43. Exercise 4. Learn how to pronounce and use the new words. Listen and repeat.

capital, the capital of the country, the capital of Canada. Moscow is the capital of Russia.

place — places, a place for the picnic, a quiet place, a wonderful place to live. Where is the best place to spend the summer?

tower — towers, the Tower of London. The Tower of London is a museum now. The Kremlin clock is in the Spasskaya Tower.

square, a square box, a square tower. They sat at the small square table.

tall, a tall man, a tall tree, a tall tower. Mr Brown is a tall young man. Is Jack the tallest boy in your class?

monument — monuments, a monument to sb. Where is the monument to Yuri Dolgoruky?

bell — bells, a gold bell, a small bell, church bells. Have you ever heard the bells? Has the bell gone?

No. 44. a) Exercise 11. Listen to the poem “The Beaches of Mexico”. Part III.

The Beaches of Mexico

III. Well, I’ve never seen the beaches of Mexico.

I’ve never walked the streets of Paris.

I’ve never been to England.

I’ve never been to Spain.

I’ve never walked barefoot

In a heavy rain.

But I’ve sure been in trouble.

I’ve sure been in pain.

I’ve sure been in love,

I’d do it all again.

b) Read the poem after the speaker.

Lesson 29

No. 45. Exercise 5. Learn how to pronounce and use the new words. Listen and repeat.

wide, a wide street, a wide bed. The road is wide, isn’t it? Which is the widest river in the world?

trip — trips, a short trip, a trip to London, a business trip. We have been to many places of interest during our trip. Would you like to join our trip to Paris?

lead — led — led, to lead to the bridge, to lead to the tower. Where does this wide street lead?

sound — sounds, a quiet sound, sweet sounds, the sound of the bell. I heard the sounds of my favourite song.

architect — architects, a famous architect. Sir Christopher Wren was a famous English architect. Who is the architect of St Paul’s Cathedral?

king — kings, the king of a country, the king’s word. Once upon a time, there lived a king.

queen — queens, the Queen of England. We often read about queens in fairy tales. Have you ever seen a queen?

No. 46. a) Exercise 10. Listen to the song “London’s Burning”.

London’s Burning

London’s burning, London’s burning.

Fetch the engines. Fetch the engines.

Fire, fire! Fire, fire!

Pour on water, pour on water.

b) Read after the speaker.

c) Sing with us.

d) Sing to the music.

No. 47. a) Exercise 11. Listen to the dialogue.

A: Excuse me.

B: Yes?

A: Is there a post office near here?

B: Yes, there is.

A: How can I get there?

B: You can walk. First right, second left. It’ll take you about ten minutes to get there.

A: Thank you.

B: That’s all right.

b) Read the dialogue after the speakers.

Listening Comprehension Lesson

No. 48. Listen to the text “Don’s Letter to His Friend” and try to understand it.

Don’s Letter to His Friend

Many people write letters to friends in other countries. They often write about their families and homes or about the places they live in. Here is Don’s letter to his friend.

My name is Donald, but my friends call me Don. We live in Scotland, in a small house far from the town centre. Our town is small, but there is a theatre in it, in the main square. The streets in my town are not very wide, but they are very beautiful, with a lot of flowers and trees. Our house is in the old part of the town. You can see an old square tower in that part. It was built many centuries ago and nobody knows the name of the architect. The tower is very high and there is a large bell in it. You can hear it ring twice a day. The tower has become our town museum. If you visit this place, turn to the left and the road will lead you to a beautiful small church. When you cross the bridge, you will be in the new part of the town. The streets are wide in this part. There are also many cinemas and shops as well as some monuments. I have already been to many places of interest in our town and can show them all to you. If you have never seen Scotland, come and stay with us. Maybe you’ll find our life here quite different from your life in the city, but I’m sure you’ll like our little town.

PART 2

III четверть

Lesson 31

No. 49. Exercise 4. Learn how to pronounce and use the new words. Listen and repeat.

travel — travelled, to travel by car, to travel to the North, to travel about the country. Have you ever travelled to Africa? My friend has never travelled by car.

stay — stayed, to stay at the hotel, to stay with parents, to stay for a week. Where are you going to stay in Moscow? Last summer I stayed with my grandparents out in the country.

plane — planes, to go by plane, to get by plane, to travel by plane, on the plane. It takes me an hour to get to Moscow by plane. Were there many people on the plane?

train — trains, to go by train, to get by train, to travel by train, on the train. I don’t think it is very comfortable to travel by train.

railway station — railway stations, the largest railway station in London. There are three railway stations in our town. How long does it take us to get to the nearest railway station?

bus — buses, a bus stop, at the bus stop, a number Seven bus. London buses are often red. seaside, at the seaside, to go to the seaside. I spent my summer at the seaside last year.

cheap, a cheap house.— Is your new dress cheap or expensive? — I don’t think it’s very expensive.

No. 50. a) Exercise 10. Listen to the dialogue.

A: How was your trip?

B: Fantastic!

A: Did you go to the Black Sea?

B: We did. We spent a week at the seaside.

A: Did you stay at the hotel? What was it like?

B: It was excellent.

A: What were the people like?

B: They were very friendly.

A: How lucky you are!

b) Read the dialogue after the speakers.

Lesson 32

No. 51. Exercise 7. Learn how to pronounce and use the new words. Listen and repeat.

find — found — found, to find a road, to find a book, to find the answer to the question. I can’t find the money anywhere. Have you found the key? I can never find my pen.

fly — flew — flown, to fly by plane, to fly in the sky, to fly south, to fly east, to fly quickly. Some birds that live in the north fly south for the winter.

cry — cried, to cry for help. The baby will cry when it is hungry. The house was on fire, the man in it cried for help. “Hurry up!” Alice cried.

steal — stole — stolen, to steal money, to steal a bag, to steal a horse. Somebody has stolen her bag. The burglar tried to steal a television set.

airport — airports, to go to Kennedy Airport, to fly from Sheremetyevo Airport. It took him two hours to get to Heathrow Airport.

ticket — tickets, to buy tickets, a ticket to London, a train ticket to Moscow. Have you bought the tickets yet?

luggage, a lot of luggage, little luggage. I don’t like to travel with a lot of luggage. — Where is your luggage, please? — Here it is.

fast: 1) a fast train, a fast horse, a fast trip, fast food. The clock is half an hour fast.

2) to walk fast, to go fast, to run fast, to read fast. Don’t run so fast!

No. 52. a) Exercise 14. Listen to the poem “Trains”.

Trains

Over the mountains,

Over the plains,

Over the rivers

Here come trains.

Carrying passengers,

Carrying mail.

Over the country

Here come trains.

b) Read the poem after the speaker.

Lesson 33

No. 53. Exercise 7. Learn how to pronounce and use the new words. Listen and repeat.

shake — shook — shaken, to shake a head, to shake hands with sb, to shake apples from the tree. He shook his head in answer to my question. Do all people shake hands when they meet?

explain — explained, to explain the way, to explain it to the pupils, to explain how to get to the place. Excuse me, can you explain it to me? I couldn’t explain the new grammar to my friend.

straight: 1) a straight street, a straight road. There are many wide straight streets in Moscow.

2) to go straight, to walk straight. — How do I get there? — Walk straight ahead and you’ll see it.

kind — kinder — (the) kindest, a kind man, a kind girl. Be kind to animals. It was very kind of you to help us.

voice — voices, a sweet voice, in a quiet voice. He always speaks in a loud voice to me.

sad — sadder — (the) saddest, a sad woman, a sad voice, to speak in a sad voice, to look sad. Anna looks sad, her grandmother is ill.

ugly — uglier — (the) ugliest, an ugly face, an ugly old witch. In many fairy tales ugly animals become beautiful people. Does she always wear ugly clothes?

forget — forgot — forgotten, to forget a word, to forget a song, to forget to do sth. Don’t forget to go there! — Have you done the shopping? — Oh dear, I forgot. I shall never forget it.

No. 54. a) Exercise 13. Listen to the dialogue “At the Railway Station”.

At the Railway Station

A: When is the train to Liverpool, please?

B: 3.15, madam.

A: Which platform?

B: Platform seven.

A: How much is the ticket?

B: Single or return?

A: Return, please.

B: That will be 14 pounds.

A: Here you are.

B: Thank you, madam.

A: Thank you.

b) Read the dialogue after the speakers.

Lesson 34

No. 55. Exercise 7. Learn how to pronounce and use the new words. Listen and repeat.

plate — plates, on the plate. Are there any plates on the table?

arrive — arrived, to arrive in England, to arrive in a big city, to arrive at a small town, to arrive at the airport. When is the plane arriving? My friends have not arrived in Moscow yet.

feel — felt — felt, to feel well (fine), to feel bad, to feel like doing sth.— How do you feel? — I’m fine. He doesn’t feel well today. He feels bad. I feel like going to the theatre tonight. Nick doesn’t feel like reading now.

weak — weaker — (the) weakest, a weak boy, a weak smile, in a weak voice. He was ill for two weeks and now he feels weak.

strong — stronger — (the) strongest, a strong animal, a strong man. Who is the strongest boy in your class? Elephants are stronger than horses.

silver: 1) Is there any silver here?

2) a silver plate, silver skates. There are some silver forks on the table. Have you read “Silver Skates” by Mary Mapes Dodge?

perhaps. Perhaps he is right but I’m not sure. I don’t know when we’ll be back, perhaps at seven.

nearly. It is nearly ten o’clock. I nearly forgot your birthday. It is nearly midnight. It’s nearly time to start.

No. 56. a) Exercise 13. Listen to the poem “Ferryboats”.

Ferryboats

(By S. Tippet)

Over the river,

Over the bay

Ferryboats travel

Every day.

Watching the seagulls,

Laughing with friends,

I’m always sorry

When the trip ends.

b) Read the poem after the speaker.

No. 57. a) Exercise 14. Listen to the dialogue.

A: I would like a ticket to Moscow, please.

B: When are you going to fly?

A: Today or tomorrow, I think.

B: Just a minute. I think flight 305 is the best for you.

A: When is the flight?

B: 7.40.

A: Excellent. How much is the ticket?

B: Business or tourist class?

A: Tourist class, please. Business class is too expensive. b) Read the dialogue after the speakers.

Lesson 35

No. 58. Exercise 7. Learn how to pronounce and use the new words. Listen and repeat.

journey — journeys, an interesting journey, a three-day journey, to go on a journey. A journey is a long trip. Are you going on a journey this week?

voyage — voyages, to go on a voyage. A voyage is a journey by sea. You may have a voyage on the river too. What can you tell me about his voyage?

ship — ships, a large ship, on board the ship, to travel by ship. There were many ships in the port. Were there many passengers on board the ship?

wind — winds, a strong wind, a cold wind. There was no wind. A strong wind is blowing.

change: 1) to change clothes, to change plans. After the rain I had to change my clothes. We have changed the time of our meeting.

2) to change trains. We had to change trains in London. — Where do we change? — At the next station I think.

through, a through train — through trains. You don’t have to change as it’s a through train. Buy a ticket for a through train to Moscow, please. I don’t want to change. tired, a tired face, a tired smile, a tired look. Are you tired after your long journey? I don’t think he is ever tired.

miss — missed, to miss a bus, to miss a train. I’m afraid to miss my bus. Go to the railway station at 5, then you won’t miss the train to London.

catch — caught — caught, to catch a train, to catch a bus. Harry caught a plane to London and arrived there at 3. Mary always catches a bus to get to the office.

No. 59. Exercise 12. Listen to the dialogues. Then read them. Choose the one you like best and learn it by heart.

I

A: What bus do I take to the Pushkin Museum?

B: Take bus 79.

A: Is there a bus stop near here?

B: Yes, there is. It’s on the opposite side, just in front of the cinema.

A: How long will it take me to get there?

B: I think about half an hour at this time of the day. There is a lot of traffic now.

A: Look, bus 79 is coming.

B: Oh, thank you.

II

A: Excuse me, how do I get to the centre of the city?

B: Which part of the centre do you want?

A: Red Square.

B: Take a bus or the underground. It’ll take you a long time to walk there.

A: Can you tell me the shortest way to the underground?

B: Go straight ahead. You can’t miss it.

Listening Comprehension Lesson

No. 60. Listen to the text “Robbie’s Grandfather” and try to understand it.

Robbie’s Grandfather

My grandfather lives in the North of England. He is nearly 60, but he is strong and he still works. He is a Maths teacher. My grandfather is very kind and his pupils like him a lot. They say he is an excellent teacher and they are never tired in his class. He never forgets anything and explains his subject very well. He always speaks in a friendly voice and so they enjoy his lessons.

My grandad lives in the country and every morning, five days a week, gets the bus to school. He doesn’t have to change as the bus takes him right to the school. It’s a through bus. He gets off the bus at half past 8 or there about.

My grandad likes to do many things, but he likes travelling most of all. He often goes to different cities (perhaps once or twice a month) and sometimes he goes to other countries too. He travels by sea, by train or flies. He likes voyages very much and often takes pictures on board the ship. He likes the sea and the wind.

Last month he travelled to Scotland. It was not a lucky trip. He nearly missed his train because he arrived late at the railway station. On the train somebody stole his favourite silver box in which he kept his tobacco. There was no bus or taxi to take him to the hotel where he wanted to stay and so he had to go on foot. When he arrived at the hotel he was tired and went upstairs. However his luggage was not there. So grandad went downstairs again, but couldn’t find it. When he did, it was midnight and the lift did not work. So he was very unhappy that night and slept badly.

However in the morning the sun began to shine again and life seemed brighter.

“There is nothing like travelling,” my grandad says. “You’ll always enjoy it. Only look on the bright side.”

Lesson 37

No. 61. Exercise 2. Learn how to pronounce and use the new words. Listen and repeat.

fond, to be fond of sth, to be fond of doing sth. Nick is fond of animals. She has always been fond of music. My uncle is fond of travelling.

proud, to be proud of sth/sb. She is proud of her son. We are proud of our parents.

stamp — stamps, a square stamp, an American stamp. When I was in Rostov, I bought two beautiful stamps to send home. Do you have any stamps, please?

badge — badges, a round badge, a square badge, an English badge, to have a badge on one’s uniform, to wear a badge on the jacket. Have you got any badges?

collect — collected, to collect books, to collect stamps, to collect pictures. I have never collected anything. My sister is fond of collecting different pencils.

collector — collectors, a famous collector, a great collector. He is a famous collector of toy cars.

collection — collections. There are two famous old stamps in his collection.

coin — coins, a silver coin, a small coin. My grandfather is a famous collector of coins. I’m proud of my collection of silver coins.

theme — themes, an interesting theme, a new theme.— What’s the theme of your collection? — My theme is sport.

thematic, a thematic collection. My brother’s collection of stamps is thematic. His theme is animals.

special, a special question, a special theme, a special train. The history of England is his special subject. He collects stamps and has got a special interest.

specialist — specialists, a famous specialist, a great specialist. This doctor is an eye specialist.

specialize — specialized, to specialize in history, to specialize in maths. He specializes in collecting stamps. Collectors often specialize in one subject.

No. 62. a) Exercise 10. Listen to the song “Mr Crocodile”. Part I.

Mr Crocodile

I. Never smile at a crocodile.

No, you can’t get friendly with a crocodile.

Don’t be taken in by his welcome grin.

He’s imagining how well you’d fit within his skin.

Never smile at a crocodile.

Never tip your hat and stop to talk awhile.

Never run!

Walk away.

Say good night, not good day!

Clear the isle,

Never smile at Mr Crocodile.

b) Read after the speaker.

c) Sing with us.

d) Sing to the music.

Lesson 38

No. 63. Exercise 9. Learn how to pronounce and use the new words. Listen and repeat.

quarter — quarters, a quarter of an apple, in a quarter of an hour, at a quarter past two, at a quarter to eight.— What’s a quarter of 64? — It’s 16. A quarter of an hour is fifteen minutes. Shall we meet in a quarter of an hour?

seat — seats, to take a seat. Bring two more chairs so that there are seats for everyone. I couldn’t get a seat on the bus. Won’t you take a seat?

stage — stages, on the stage. The dancer came onto the stage and began to dance.

rise — rose — risen, to rise from a seat, to rise from a sofa. The sun rises in the East. What time does the sun rise in summer? The wind rose quickly.

perform — performed, to perform on the stage, to perform on the piano. We would like to perform at our school theatre.

performance — performances, a wonderful performance. When does the performance begin?

performer — performers. How many performers are there on the stage?

audience, a large audience, to have a large audience. That television programme has an audience of millions.

part — parts, an important part, to learn the part by heart, to play a part. He acted his part well. Mr A. played an important part in our life.

to take part in. He takes part in all the performances.

decide — decided, to decide to do sth. He decided to become a pilot. It’s difficult to decide who is right.

No. 64. a) Exercise 15. Listen to the dialogue “Going to the Theatre”.

Going to the Theatre

Helen: Hello! Hello! Alice, it’s me, Helen.

Alice: Oh, Helen, hi! How are you?

Helen: Fine. And how are you?

Alice: I’m fine too. Look here, Helen, are you doing anything special tonight?

Helen: No, not really. Why?

Alice: I’ve got two tickets for the ballet “Shchelkunchik”. Have you seen it? Would you like to join me?

Helen: I’d love to. It’s at the Bolshoi, isn’t it?

Alice: Unfortunately, not tonight. It’s on the other stage. But the dancers are the same and the scenery is the same too.

Helen: That suits me fine. But what about our seats? Are the tickets expensive?

Alice: I’m sorry, they are not cheap, but they are in the stalls and we’ll see the stage very well.

Helen: OK. When and where shall we meet?

Alice: I’ll be at the bus stop at a quarter to 7.

Helen: Bye-bye, then.

Alice: Bye.

b) Read the dialogue after the speakers.

Lesson 39

No. 65. Exercise 8. Learn how to pronounce and use the new words. Listen and repeat.

feature, a feature film. There are two feature films on TV. I like to see feature films very much.

cartoon — cartoons. My little sister is fond of cartoons. “Just You Wait” is a famous cartoon about a clever hare and a bad wolf.

documentary, a documentary film. Are there any documentary films in the programme today?

besides. He didn’t want to go to the party, and besides, he had to work. There were many people at the cinema, besides our class.

full, to be full of sth. The box is full of apples. The room was full of people. The cup is half full. The cinema is full. The house is full.

though. I was late for school even though I got up very early. The feature film was good though there were no famous actors in it.

care — cared. I don’t care what happens. — What would you like for dessert? — I don’t care. Do you care for cartoons?

No. 66. a) Exercise 16. Listen to the song “Mr Crocodile”. Part II.

Mr Crocodile

II. Never smile at a crocodile.

No, you can’t get friendly with a crocodile.

Don’t be taken in by his welcome grin.

He’s imagining how well you’d fit within his skin.

Never smile at a crocodile.

Never tip your hat and stop to talk awhile.

Don’t be rude!

Never mock!

Throw a kiss, not a rock!

Clear the isle and never smile at Mr Crocodile!

b) Read after the speaker.

c) Sing with us.

d) Sing to the music.

Lesson 40

No. 67. Exercise 9. Learn how to pronounce and use the new words. Listen and repeat.

land — lands, my native land, to visit different lands. This land is your land. Walt Disney has made a new land for children and their parents.

screen — screens, to be on the screen. The teacher asked me to look at the screen. success, to be a success. The little girl was a great success at the school concert. The new play was a big success.

create — created, to create a character, to create a part, to create a new land. A writer creates characters in his books.

mean — meant — meant. I don’t understand what you meant when you said it. — “Red” meant beautiful in old Russia. — What do you mean? — I mean that Red Square was called “Beautiful Square” many centuries ago.

tell — told — told, to tell sb about sth, to tell a lie, to tell the truth, to tell fairy tales. Tell me where you live. I told him my name. Mother told us to be quiet. Never tell a lie!

also. He swims well and he is also a good tennis player. Does she also speak English?

born, to be born. A. S. Pushkin, the greatest Russian poet, was born in 1799. L. N. Tolstoy was born in 1828. — When were you born? — I was born twelve years ago.

No. 68. a) Exercise 15. Listen to the dialogue “What’s on Television Tonight?”.

What’s on Television Tonight?

Jack: Hello, mum ... I’m at home!

Mum: Hello, Jack. Are you tired, dear?

Jack: Yes, I am. What’s the time?

Mum: It’s a quarter past six.

Jack: Oh, that late? What’s on television tonight?

Mum: There’s a good musical programme on at a quarter past eight.

Jack: Yes ... and there’s a good programme on after the news.

Mum: Shall we watch it? It’s my favourite soap opera.

Jack: Oh, no! I can’t watch it after all. There’s a football match on BBC-2 at the same time.

Mum: But, Jack, I would love to see the soap opera.

Jack: OK, mum. I’ll go and watch the match at granny’s.

b) Read the dialogue after the speakers.

Lesson 41

No. 69. Exercise 8. Learn how to pronounce and use the new words. Listen and repeat.

novel — novels, a long novel, an interesting novel, a famous novel, my favourite novel, the novel by L. Tolstoy. My mother is fond of reading novels. A novel usually tells us about different places and people like those in real life.

fiction, a work of fiction. Novels and short stories are works of fiction. He likes to read works of fiction.

listen — listened, to listen to a concert, to listen to music, to listen to a teacher. Listen to me, please! I’m listening to you but I don’t hear anything.

true, a true story, a true friend, a true teacher. Is the news true? Everything he told you is true.

boring, a boring book, a boring soap opera, a boring play. Nobody is fond of reading boring books. The film was long and boring.

library, a good library, a big library. Mary went to the school library to take out some books.

whatever. Take whatever you want to eat. Whatever he says is very important. wherever. I will go wherever you go. You must find him wherever he is.

No. 70. a) Exercise 15. Listen to the dialogue.

Mike: Hello, Nick! Where are you going?

Nick: To the library.

Mike: To the library? I didn’t know you were fond of going there.

Nick: You’re right! I seldom visit libraries. But now I must write a story for my Russian class about a trip to a place I have never been to.

Mike: Did your teacher tell you to go to the library?

Nick: No, he didn’t. He asked us to use our imagination, but I can’t.

Mike: So, what are you going to do?

Nick: To look through some books. That’s why I’m going to the library.

Mike: Good luck to you!

b) Read the dialogue after the speakers.

No. 71. a) Exercise 16. Listen to the poem “A Book”.

A Book

A book, I think, is very like

A little golden door

That takes me into places

Where I’ve never been before.

It leads me into fairyland

Or countries strange and far.

And, best of all, the golden door

Always stands ajar.

b) Read the poem after the speaker.

Listening Comprehension Lesson

No. 72. Listen to the text “TVInterview” and say what hobbies Mr Davis had.

TV Interview

Reporter. Hello everybody. It’s one o’clock and we begin our afternoon programme ‘Meeting with Famous People’. Here is Mr Frank Davis, a famous children’s writer. He will tell you some interesting facts about his hobbies. Welcome to the programme, Mr Davis.

Mr Davis. Now I would like to begin by remembering those times when I was a little boy. I had so many hobbies then. First, I think, I was a great collector of different things. I collected stamps, coins, badges, small books, pictures, pencils and what not. Whatever I collected I always tried to get as many things as I could. I did try to have thematic collections. I had large collections and was always proud of them. When I was older, at the age of twelve, I think, I became fond of sports. I spent a lot of time outdoors. I was playing different sport games in the yard. In summer I swam a lot and became a school champion. In the 5th form I became a theatregoer and spent all my free time in the theatre and sometimes I also went to the cinema. When I was finishing school, my parents bought me a computer. So I forgot about going to the theatre, to the cinema or visiting museums. Working on computers became my hobby. However, soon I became tired of this hobby too and decided to change it. I tried to paint pictures in my free time but I wasn’t very good. I tried dancing and acting, but soon I realized I could never be a success on the stage. Then one day I had an idea to write a story about my dog. The story was rather short. It was not very clever or very interesting, but it was my story and I liked it very much. This is how I began to write stories about birds and animals. My little daughter liked to listen to them before she went to bed. She said that she was fond of my new hobby. Now it’s difficult to say if it is my hobby or not as it is my work now. I like this work and I have already written five books for children.

Lesson 43

No. 73. Exercise 5. Learn how to pronounce and use the new words. Listen and repeat.

discover — discovered, to discover a land. Who discovered America? It is important to discover how it has happened.

discoverer. A discoverer is one who discovers. Who was the discoverer of the electron? discovery, a great

discovery. I have read a very interesting book about important discoveries of our century.

sail — sails. The sail caught the wind and the boat started to move. There was a beautiful white sail on the boat.

sail — sailed. The boat sailed out of the port. The ship will sail for America in two weeks.

sailor, a good sailor, a bad sailor. Would you like to become a sailor? — What does he do? — He is a sailor.

reach — reached, to reach the mountain, to reach the port. We started for London in the morning and reached the city at 5 o’clock.

No. 74. a) Exercise 10. Listen to the poem “Happy Thought”.

Happy Thought

(By R. L. Stevenson)

The world is so full

Of a number of things.

I’m sure we should all

Be happy as kings.

b) Read the poem after the speaker.

Lesson 44

No. 75. Exercise 6. Learn how to pronounce and use the new words. Listen and repeat.

appear — appeared, to appear in the dark. Suddenly a ship appeared on the sea. He wasn’t at home at 5 and he didn’t appear until 6.

interested, to be interested in sth, to be interested in doing sth. Heidi was never interested in city life. Clara was interested in reading books and going to the theatre.

island — islands, a big island, a small island. An island is smaller than a continent. Great Britain is an island, Cuba is an island too.

settlement — settlements, an old settlement. The people who left England for America in the 17th century built many settlements in their new country.

round, a round ball, a round table, a round tower. The Earth is round.

No. 76. a) Exercise 11. Listen to the poem “Let’s Remember Columbus”.

Let’s Remember Columbus

In fourteen hundred and ninety-two

Columbus sailed the ocean blue ...

Let’s sing together this old song

About the voyage that took him long,

About the sailors, those strong brave men.

Let’s sing and remember them all again!

b) Read the poem after the speaker.

Lesson 45

No. 77. Exercise 7. Learn how to pronounce and use the new words. Listen and repeat.

together. Jane and Alice cooked dinner together. Let’s go for a walk together.

prepare — prepared, to prepare for a test, to prepare for a meeting. Bill prepared everything for the game. Have you prepared for classes yet?

turkey — turkeys, a large turkey, a wild turkey. A turkey is a large red-brown bird. People often have turkey for Christmas dinner.

hard: 1) to work hard, to think hard, to live hard. Alan works hard on his farm. Try and study hard. It’s raining hard.

2) hard — harder — (the) hardest. Life in the settlement was very hard. This is a hard maths problem.

danger, to be in danger, to be out of danger, full of danger. The discoverer’s life was full of danger. He has been very ill but the doctor says he is out of danger now.

harvest, a rich harvest, a large harvest of potatoes. A good harvest gives everyone food for winter. Autumn is the harvest season. People often have harvest festivals in autumn.

God — gods, the Greek gods. You can read about God in the Bible. At the end of summer people often thanked their gods for the harvest. My God! Thank God! Good God! God only knows!

since, since then, since yesterday, since that time, since 1985. He left the town in 1998 and I haven’t seen him since. He has lived in Moscow since 1992.

No. 78. a) Exercise 14. Listen to the song “We Shall Overcome”.

We Shall Overcome

1. We shall overcome,

We shall overcome,

We shall overcome some day!

Refrain:

Oh, deep in my heart

I do believe,

We shall overcome some day!

2. We shall live in peace,

We shall live in peace,

We shall live in peace some day!

(Refrain.)

3. We shall all be free,

We shall all be free,

We shall all be free some day!

(Refrain.)

4. We are not afraid,

We are not afraid,

We are not afraid today!

(Refrain.)

b) Read after the speaker.

c) Sing with us.

d) Sing to the music.

Lesson 46

No. 79. Exercise 10. Learn how to pronounce and use the new words. Listen and repeat.

native, a native land, a native city, a native place. One of the native animals of India is the tiger. Tom is a Native American.

along, along the street, along the road, to travel along the river. Flowers grew along the road. Go along the street.

nut — nuts, a big nut. A nut is a dry fruit of a plant, or the seed of a plant. Let’s go and buy some nuts.

wood. We build houses of wood. We often make furniture of wood.

wooden, a wooden house, a wooden box. There was a large wooden box in my granny’s bedroom.

peace, to live in peace. All the people in the world want to live in peace.

peaceful, a peaceful country, a peaceful evening, a peaceful city. Let’s have a peaceful evening at home.

hunt — hunted, to hunt a wolf, to hunt a fox. In old times kings always hunted in woods and forests.

hunter — hunters. My father is a good hunter. American Indians were clever hunters.

smoke — smoked.— Do you smoke? — No, I don’t. Many Americans have stopped smoking.

friendship, to live in friendship. Our friendship is strong. I’m proud of our friendship.

No. 80. a) Exercise 15. Listen to the dialogues.

a) — Jack! You’re back!

— Haven’t seen you for a long time! How’ve you been?

— Just fine. It’s been a long time.

b) — I’m glad to meet you. I’ve heard so much about you.

— I’m glad to meet you. I’ve heard so many nice things about you.

c) — What’s your name? Where are you from?

— My name is Alice. I’m from England.

— How long have you been here?

— I’ve been here for 3 days.

b) Read the dialogues after the speakers.

Lesson 47

No. 81. Exercise 8. Learn how to pronounce and use the new words. Listen and repeat.

depend — depended, to depend on sth, to depend on the weather, to depend on the plan. Children usually depend on their parents for food and clothes. You can always depend on Jane. — Will you go with me? — It depends.

independence, independence from England, Independence Day. The American colonists wanted to have independence from England. Americans celebrate Independence Day on the 4th of July.

fight— fought — fought, to fight for independence, to fight for one’s country. Dogs sometimes fight. America fought against England for its independence.

fight — fights, to have a fight over a book. There was a fight between the boys. The two sisters had a fight over which TV programme to watch.

gold, a gold coin, a gold box, a gold cup, as good as gold, a heart of gold. The old woman had a heart of gold. The child was as good as gold.

golden, golden hair, golden leaves, a golden rule. My little sister has golden hair.

empty, an empty house. The room was empty: there were no people in it.

situated, to be situated on the island, to be situated in the mountains. The hotel is situated at the seaside.

gun — guns, an old gun, a new gun, to hunt with a gun. Many people in America have guns. Colonists often hunted with guns.

No. 82. a) Exercise 15. Listen to the poem “My People”.

My People

(By L. Hughes)

The night is beautiful,

So the faces of my people.

The stars are beautiful,

So the eyes of my people.

Beautiful also is the sun.

Beautiful also are the souls of my people.

b) Read the poem after the speaker.

Lesson 48

No. 83. Exercise 5. Learn how to pronounce and use the new words. Listen and repeat.

protect — protected, to protect children. We wear coats to protect us from the cold. People must protect nature.

dangerous, a dangerous journey, a dangerous animal, a dangerous life. The colonists’ life in America was very dangerous.

snake — snakes, a dangerous snake. There are a lot of snakes in this place. A snake has a long body but no legs.

tailor — tailors, a good tailor, an old tailor. A tailor makes clothes.

through, to look through the window, to look through newspapers, to look through the magazine. I haven’t read the book, I’ve just looked it through.

No. 84. a) Exercise 13. Listen to the poem “Friends”.

Friends

(By L. Groce)

The stars are out, the moon is up.

It’s time to go to bed.

I’m so glad you have a place

To lay your little head.

Have a deep and peaceful sleep,

Dream away the hours.

When you wake the sun will come

To smile upon the flowers.

Go to sleep, my little friend,

Beneath the evening star.

You will always have a friend,

No matter where you are.

b) Read the poem after the speaker.

Listening Comprehension Lesson

No. 85. Listen to the text “Americans out for the Evening” and try to understand it.

Americans out for the Evening

If Americans want to go out for the evening, where do they go and what do they see? It is easy if they are in New York as there are a lot of theatres there. But you don’t have to be in New York to see an interesting show. Many of the theatres travel from town to town. In many theatres in America you can sit at table and eat dinner and then watch the show as there are “dinner theatres”.

It’s cheaper of course to go to the cinema. Americans say “to go to the movies”. Even in small towns in America you can go to the movies and see the latest film.

If you don’t want to see a play or a movie, you can always go and listen to music. Americans have given many forms of music to the world: jazz, blues and rock. They all come from the music that black people have brought with them from Africa. You can also hear country music in America.

Some people spend an evening dancing as this is also very popular with Americans.

Americans love sports of all kinds. Many people play sports and many go to see games or watch them on TV. In stadiums people usually shout loudly for their favourite sportsmen. One of the most popular sports is football.

Lesson 50

No. 86. Exercise 7. Learn how to pronounce and use the new words. Listen and repeat.

each: 1) each flower, each city, each girl. The cook gave two apples to each child. Each pupil had a textbook. They cost 10 roubles each.

2) each other. We have known each other for ten years.

state — states, the United States of America. There are fifty states in the USA. The first thirteen colonies in America were the first American states.

government, the Russian government, the American government. What the country needs is a strong and clever government.

magazine — magazines, an interesting magazine, a boring magazine, the latest magazine. I couldn’t find any of the latest magazines in our library.

newspaper — newspapers, old newspapers, a Sunday newspaper. Newspapers tell us what is happening in the world.

sell — sold — sold, to sell vegetables, to sell fruit. That shop sells shoes. Richard wants to sell his old car for 4 hundred dollars.

letter — letters, 1) a letter from my granny, a letter to my friend. I don’t like to write letters.

2) a small letter, a capital letter. There are 26 letters in the English alphabet.

own, my own house, his own flat. I saw it with my own eyes. My own brother couldn’t even help me.

No. 87. a) Exercise 12. Listen to the poem “American Coins”.

American Coins

Pennies, nickels, dimes and quarters.

Pennies, nickels, dimes and quarters.

How many pennies in a nickel?

Five.

How many nickels in a dime?

Two.

Pennies, nickels, dimes and quarters.

Pennies, nickels, dimes and quarters.

How many dimes in a dollar?

Ten.

How many nickels in a dime?

Two.

Pennies, nickels, dimes and quarters.

Pennies, nickels, dimes and quarters.

How many quarters in a dollar?

Four.

How many nickels in a dime?

Two.

b) Read the poem after the speaker.

Lesson 51

No. 88. Exercise 9. Learn how to pronounce and use the new words. Listen and repeat.

advise — advised, to advise sb to do sth. His doctor advised him not to eat so many sweets. If you don’t feel well, I advise you to stay in bed.

advice (always in the singular), good advice, to take advice, to follow one’s advice, to ask for advice. He gave me clever advice. It was good advice. May I ask you for advice? The advice is good, but I can’t follow it.

person — persons, two persons, a clever person, a boring person, a very important person (VIP). It’s a table for two persons.

personal, a personal question, a personal diary. She is fond of asking personal questions.

host — hosts, a friendly host, a good host. A host is a man who invites people to come to his home as his guests. We thanked our host for the wonderful party.

hostess — hostesses. A hostess is a woman who invites people to come to her home as her guests.

move — moved, to move quickly, to move slowly, to move to the city, to move into a new flat. Move the chair nearer to the fire. We moved into a new flat last month.

rule — rules, a difficult rule, an easy rule, a grammar rule, as a rule ... Rules tell you what to do and what not to do. One of the rules when you are at the table is not to speak when your mouth is full. As a rule he comes in late.

relax — relaxed. My father likes to relax by reading the newspapers. A hot bath helped me to relax.

maybe. Maybe he is right. Maybe he’ll write a letter to you. Maybe “yes”, maybe “no”, maybe rain, maybe snow.

No. 89. a) Exercise 14. Listen to the poem “Personal Questions”.

Personal Questions

(By C. Graham)

Where were you born?

I’d rather not say.

Where are you from?

I’d rather not say.

How tall are you?

How old are you?

How much do you weigh?

I’d rather not say.

Where were you last night?

I’d rather not say.

Why weren’t you home?

I’d rather not say.

Did you stay out late?

Did you have a good time?

Did you see a good play?

I’d rather not say.

b) Read the poem after the speaker.

Listening Comprehension Lesson

No. 90. a) Listen to the text “What Does the Average American Do?” twice and say what the average American does.

What Does the Average American Do?

The average American sleeps 7,5 hours a night.

The average American takes a shower every day.

The average American goes to the cinema once a month.

The average American watches TV four hours a day.

The average American goes to the dentist once a year.

The average American reads the newspaper every day.

The average American eats three hamburgers a week.

The average American drinks a cup and a half of coffee a day.

The average American lives in a house.

The average American eats at a fast food restaurant once a month.

The average American listens to the radio 2 hours a day.

The average American goes to bed before 12.00.

The average American wears pyjamas in bed.

b) Now listen to the text again and answer the questions:

1. How many hamburgers does the average American eat a week?

2. When does the average American go to bed?

3. How long does he watch TV every day?

4. The average American takes a shower every day, doesn’t he?

5. How often does he go to the dentist?

6. How often does he go to the cinema?

Lesson 53

No. 91. Exercise 1. Learn how to pronounce and use the new words. Listen and repeat.

bank — banks, a river bank, the right bank, the left bank. A bank is the land along the side of a river. Flowers were growing on the banks of the river.

between. Now the Moon is between the Earth and the Sun. There was no friendship between the two brothers. There was great love between them.

enemy — enemies. An enemy is someone who is unfriendly. There are no enemies here. Have you got any enemies?

noble, a noble family, noble actions. Teaching is a noble profession. He comes from a noble family.

honest, an honest man, honest people. An honest person does not lie or steal.

devoted, a devoted friend, to be devoted to sb/sth. He is devoted to music. He has always been devoted to me.

brave, a brave man. A person who is brave can face danger without being afraid. The brave girl jumped into the water to help the child.

bravery. He is famous for his bravery.

birch — birches, a white birch, the Russian birch. The leaves of the birch are green and fresh. There are a lot of birch trees in Russian forests.

No. 92. a) Exercise 10. Listen to the song “Here Is My Hand”.

Here Is My Hand

Here is my hand, friend, here is my hand,

Over to you from my bonny homeland;

Building the future, comrades, are we,

Here is my hand, friend, over the sea.

Over to you, friend, over to you!

Here is my hand, friend, we will be true,—

True to youth’s promise never to break,

True to the new world we’re going to make.

Here is my hand, friend, over to you!

Building the future, we will be true —

True to the new world, let it ring clear,

Peace is our future, peace must live here!

b) Read after the speaker.

c) Sing with us.

d) Sing to the music.

Lesson 54

No. 93. Exercise 5. Learn to pronounce and use the new words. Listen and repeat.

top, top is the highest (upper) part of sth, at the top of the mountain, at the top of the page, at the top of the class. The old Russian town was situated at the top of the hill.

found — founded, to found a new city, to found a school, to found a family. They founded a town on the banks of the river. Yuri Dolgoruky founded Moscow.

map — maps, a map of the world, a map of Russia. A map can show you countries and towns, seas, mountains, rivers and oceans. Where is the River Volga on the map?

young — younger — the youngest, a young woman, young trees. My granny looks quite young for her age. When Mr Jones was young, he lived in Italy.

stone — stones, a stone wall, a stone tower, to throw stones at sb/sth. Don’t throw stones at dogs. People use stones to build houses.

No. 94. a) Exercise 11. Listen to the song “Which Land Is the Best?”. Part I.

Which Land Is the Best?

I. In my country, we are happy.

In my country, we are happier.

In my country, we are the happiest of all.

In my country, we are friendly.

In my country, we are friendlier.

In my country, we’re the friendliest of all.

Chorus: My country, your country,

travel east or west.

If north is good and south is better,

which land is the best?

b) Read after the speaker.

c) Sing with us.

d) Sing to the music.

Listening Comprehension Lesson

No. 95. Listen to the text “The Main Street of Moscow” and try to understand it.

The Main Street of Moscow

Tverskaya Street is the main street of the Russian capital. It is one of the longest and the busiest streets in the city. There are many hotels, shops and supermarkets in it. Tverskaya Street is famous for its fine tall houses, beautiful monuments, wide squares, cinemas and theatres which are in or nearby.

Hundreds of years ago from Red Square there was a road to Tver. Tver is an old Russian city to the north of Moscow. Tverskaya Street is where this road used to be and that fact explains its name. Tverskaya is a wide street and in some places the street is sixty metres wide.

At the beginning of Tverskaya Street you can see the “Natsional” hotel. If we walk up the street, on the same side we’ll see the building of the Central Telegraph and on the opposite side the monument to Yuri Dolgoruky, the founder of Moscow. The monument is situated in beautiful little square with some trees in it. Let’s walk up Tverskaya Street. Soon we’ll reach Pushkin Square.

In Pushkin Square we can see the famous monument to Alexander Pushkin, the greatest Russian poet. Pushkin was born in Moscow and spent the first years of his life in this city. When he became very famous and lived in St Petersburg, he often visited Moscow. Pushkin loved his native city and wrote about it in his poems. Pushkin Square is very beautiful. There is a fountain in it near the monument. The monument itself appeared in Moscow in 1880. It is the work of the famous Opekushin and one of the finest monuments in Moscow.

On the opposite side further up Tverskaya Street there is an old red building. It used to be the English Club but now it is the Museum of the Revolution.

You can see the monument to Vladimir Mayakovsky in Triumfalnaya Square. Moscow Concert Hall is situated in it.

The end is near Belorussian railway station. There was the monument to Maxim Gorky in the square in front of the railway station.

Lesson 55

No. 96. Exercise 9. Learn how to pronounce and use the new words. Listen and repeat.

war — wars, a war against sb, to be at war, to go to war, a world war. We have had two world wars this century. They went to war to fight for their independence.

army — armies, to be in the army, to join the army, to go into the army. When did he join the army?

win — won — won, to win a fight, to win a war. The Russian army won the war in 1812. Do you know who will win?

against, to be against sb/sth. My mother is against having any animals in the house. We will fight against the enemy.

battle — battles, a battle against sb/sth, to fight a battle, to win the battle. A battle is a fight between armies. His great-grandfather took part in the battle against Napoleon.

die — died, to die in a battle, to die in a war, to die for one’s country. The officers died for their Motherland. The flowers will die soon if you leave them without water.

kill — killed, to kill animals, to kill people in a war. The cold killed flowers in the garden.

victory — victories, a victory over the enemy, to win a victory, to lead the army to victory. The general led his army to victory. They won an easy victory.

No. 97. a) Exercise 14. Listen to the song “Which Land Is the Best?”. Part II.

Which Land Is the Best?

II. In my land, it’s very sunny.

In my land, it is sunnier.

In my land, it’s the sunniest of all.

In my land, the skies are blue.

In my land, they’re bluer.

In my land, they’re the bluest of all.

Chorus: My country, your country,

travel east or west.

If north is good and south is better,

which land is the best?

b) Read after the speaker.

c) Sing with us.

d) Sing to the music.

Lesson 56

No. 98. Exercise 8. Learn how to pronounce and use the new words. Listen and repeat.

soul — souls, a noble soul, a kind soul. He was the heart and soul of the army. Many people believe that a person’s soul never dies.

heart — hearts, a heart of gold, a kind heart. He put his heart and soul into his work. The boy spoke from his heart when he thanked us for his present.

hospitable — more hospitable — the most hospitable, a hospitable woman. Hospitable people always make you feel comfortable.

real, real gold, a real man, a real story. These flowers are real, not plastic. Is this real gold?

really. They are really good friends. What do you really think about it?

No. 99. a) Exercise 15. Listen to the song “Which Land Is the Best?”. Part III.

Which Land Is the Best?

III. In my land, the grass is green.

In my land, it is greener.

In my land, it’s the greenest of all.

In my land, it is peaceful.

In my land, it’s more peaceful.

In my land, it’s the most peaceful of all.

Chorus: My country, your country,

travel east or west.

If north is good and south is better,

which place is the best?

My country, your country,

travel east or west.

Learn to live with one another ...

One world is the best.

One world is the best.

b) Read after the speaker.

c) Sing with us.

d) Sing to the music.

Listening Comprehension Lesson

No. 100. Listen to the text “Some Russian Holidays” and try to understand it.

Some Russian Holidays

Russian people have many traditional holidays, old and new, that they celebrate in all seasons. The first day of January is the New Year’s Day. It is the first winter holiday and in fact the first holiday of the year. People begin to celebrate it on the 31st of December late at night. It’s a family holiday. Father usually brings a fir tree and children decorate it with toys, flags, sweets and nuts. In fact, on the 31st of December you can see such trees practically in all Russian homes. All the members of the family get together. They prepare a tasty dinner. At 11 o’clock or a bit later they sit down at table to see the old year off. People laugh a lot. Sometimes they watch TV, sing songs or dance. At midnight everybody listens to the Kremlin Clock. People often count together “1, 2, 3, 4, 5”. When they say 12, they drink champagne, wish good luck and give presents to each other. Children often sit up and find their presents under the fir trees. Young people usually go out into the streets just to walk or to sledge if the weather is fine. People go to bed very late in the morning.

The 23rd of February is also a state holiday in Russia. It has always been a special date in the country. It is a special day for those who defend their Motherland and its independence.

The 8th of March is a traditional Women’s Day. All women look wonderful on the 8th of March. They get a lot of flowers, sweets and other presents. Men and boys try to be kind and polite and help them everywhere they can. Isn’t it great to have such a holiday every day of the week? I’m sure all the women think it is.

In spring Russians also celebrate Easter and Maslenitsa (the pancake week).

Russians usually celebrate Maslenitsa in March. This merry holiday shows that spring is coming though winter is strong yet. In old Russia it was one of the most favourite holidays of the year. People had a lot of fun. They ate pancakes that were different in size and made pancakes each day of the week. They had snow fights and snow battles outdoors, they sang and danced a lot and often had horse trips in sledges. These days Russian people have started to celebrate this holiday again.

Russians usually celebrate Easter in April or at the beginning of May. It depends on the church calendar. People celebrate Easter in Russia as they do in England or the USA. Russians cook a special Easter cake at home (or often small Easter cakes, each cake for each member of the family). You can also buy such Easter cakes in the shops. They are called “kulitchi”. Children like them very much. People paint eggs red, blue, yellow or green. There is a special ceremony in church that day. During Easter people often go to cemeteries to remember those who are dead. You can often see fresh and paper flowers, Easter cakes and eggs there.

In May we also celebrate two holidays: the First of May and Victory Day which we celebrate on the ninth of May. In fact, the ninth of May is a special Memorial day, a day to remember those who died in the Second World War. People come to central squares of their towns and cities. They come together and bring fresh flowers to the monuments. In Moscow war veterans often meet near the Bolshoi Theatre.